Efficient, Clean Cooking and Heating Program

Discussion

  • Assessing International Public Finance for Energy in Africa: Where Do Development and Climate Priorities Stand?

    Caroline Ochieng Posted 10 days ago

    A report by Oil Change International gives a snapshot of public finance into energy in Africa. The report claims that nearly 60% of official finance over 2014-16 for African energy schemes went to support fossil fuel projects, compared to just 18% for clean energy projects – which excluded large hydropower developments.  

    http://priceofoil.org/2018/07/23/assessing-international-public-finance-for-energy-in-africa/

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  • Kenya's Burn Manufacturing wins Bloomberg New Energy Pioneers award 2018

    Yekbun Gurgoz Posted 15 days ago

    https://about.bnef.com/new-energy-pioneers/

    https://burnstoves.com/burn-wins-bloomberg-new-energy-pioneer-award/

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  • [blog] Cooking helped us survive… modern energy cooking services can make us thrive

    Yabei Zhang Posted 24 days ago
    • Sdg7
    • Cooking
    • Blog
    • Energy Access

    I would like to draw your attention of my recent blog “Cooking helped us survive… modern energy cooking services can make us thrive”

    http://blogs.worldbank.org/energy/cooking-helped-us-survive-modern-energy-cooking-services-can-make-us-thrive

    Please kindly note that we have deliberately use the term “modern energy cooking service”. I highlighted “modern” instead of “clean” with the purpose to capture multiple dimensions/attributes of cooking (e.g. clean/health, efficiency, convenience, affordability, availability, and safety which the multi-tier framework is already measuring). I also highlighted “service” to emphasize the need to focus on end users and their preferences. Without focusing on the end users’ needs and their context in mind, any interventions are unlikely to be successful and sustainable. Let’s ensure we have these elements in our ECCH projects design and implementation in order to have more successful stories.

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  • What do you think the recent ProPublica article "Undercooked"?

    Yabei Zhang Posted 29 days ago

    The main complaints from the article have been the lack of health benefits and under delivery of climate benefits from biomass cookstoves. Solutions? LPG has been the highlighted solution in the article. There is also another article from Quartz referring to the ProPublica article and giving more emphasis on solar-powered electric cookstove. But both articles shied away from discussing the costs/time needed for providing either LPG or solar e-cook to nearly 3 billion people…what do you think?

    Undercooked: An Expensive Push to Save Lives and Protect the Planet Falls Short

    Millions of lives were at stake. Hillary Clinton was on board. Money poured in. And yet the big aims behind an effort to tackle the plague of third-world cooking fires has produced only modest gains.

    by Sara Morrison, July 12, 2018, ProPublica, https://www.propublica.org/article/cookstoves-push-to-protect-the-planet-falls-short

    THE WIN-WIN MIRAGE - A $75 million attempt to end indoor air pollution ended up siding with fossil fuels - Akshat Rathi,  Quartz, 14 July 2018

     

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  • Incentivizing a Sustainable Clean Cooking Market: Lessons from a Results-Based Financing Pilot in Indonesia

    Yabei Zhang Posted 30 days ago
    • Clean cooking
    • OBA RBF Knowledge Hub
    • Csi_indonesia

    Please kindly note that the package of a blog, a video, and a full report about the Indonesia Clean Stove Initaitive Results Based Financing pilot has been published on the WB website. It is not only a valuable experience for all of us and could be useful for many others. Please disseminate through your networks.  

    Blog: http://blogs.worldbank.org/eastasiapacific/node/3602

    Full report: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/173331531226135009/pdf/128162-WP-P144213-PUBLIC-WBIndonesiaRBFWEB.pdf

    Video: http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/video/2018/07/17/cleaner-stoves-for-a-healthier-indonesia

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  • Invitation to webinar: Financing access to LPG - Programs that improve LPG service and access in Ghana, Kenya and Haiti

    Yekbun Gurgoz Posted 56 days ago

    This webinar is intended for policy makers, practitioners and researchers interested in improving access to, and affordability of, clean cooking fuels . Participants will learn about Ghana’s transition to the LPG recirculation model to expand LPG access safely and effectively. They will discover an innovative program offering pay-as-you-cook LPG service for emerging markets: Envirofit’s SmartGas, with over 300 units in Kenya and Ghana. Finally they will hear about the findings on the economics of access to LPG in Haiti from a household perspective and the associated effects in terms of SLCP and greenhouse gas emissions

    SPEAKERS

    Jessica Alderman, Envirofit, Director of Communications & Public Relations

    Jessica manages Envirofit’s global communications, public relations, marketing, and founded Envirofit’s women’s empowerment programs. She works closely with Envirofit’s subsidiaries and diverse international partners to create and implement marketing campaigns and women’s empowerment programs that can be adapted and delivered locally. With over 8 years of international experience, she has managed projects in Nepal, Uganda, Kenya, Laos, Israel and Palestine. Jessica received her BA in microbiology from Colorado College and her Master of Public Health from Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Prior to working at Envirofit, Jessica was a research and media consultant with USAID, UNFPA, the Women’s Global Empowerment Fund and Circle of Health International.

    Alex Evans, GLPGP’s Chair, Operating Committee

    Alex Evans is Chairman of the Operating Committee of the Global LPG Partnership (GLPGP). The GLPGP is an international public-private partnership launched in 2012 under the UN Sustainable Energy for All initiative whose mission is to lift one billion persons from energy poverty in developing countries by 2030 through market reform and investment interventions to scale up rapidly the supply, infrastructure, distribution and use of clean and affordable energy, specifically liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). Mr. Evans also serves as President & COO of Energy Transportation Group, a founding member of the GLPGP. Prior to ETG, Mr. Evans served as a senior executive in Fortune 500, public and privately-held companies in the global ICT sector.

    Thomas Thivillon, Entrepreneurs du Monde (EDM)

    Thomas Thivillon manages the impact evaluation arm of Microfinance Solidaire SAS, an impact investment fund set up by French NGO Entrepreneurs du Monde. As part of his work for Microfinance Solidaire, he chairs the Board of Directors of Palmis Enèji S.A.

    Palmis Enèji is a social business venture based in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, which develops last-mile distribution channels for off-grid energy solutions


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  • How did the Changing Behavior webinar series benefit you in clean energy?

    Dorothy Otieno Posted Mar 16 2018, 2:39 PM

    Changing Behavior webinar series in February 2018, was highly beneficial to Nyalore Impact a clean energy Last Mile Distributor working in rural Nyanza Kenya, a region with highest poverty rate in the country.

     

    The BCC training brought together Community Health Extension Worker and village traditional midwives, who work under very difficult conditions especially if they have to conduct delivery in the night where there is no electricity or solar light provision at the dispensaries, among other partners. The serious effects of Indoor Air Pollution on household was very well communicated and the CHEWs, are really in a hurry to safe lives at rural and peri urban  levels. This has thus driven demand of the clean cookstoves and fuels, Nyalore Impact can confirm to all partners/organization/clean energy entrepreneurs the importance of preparing the ground before planting the seed. This helps in avoiding white elephants in households and informing the communities on the health, social, economic, environment and sustainable developments benefits, to achieve the GACC target of 100 million household adopting clean cooking solutions and impact livelihood of the bottom of the pyramid and all. Many thanks to all the organizers of the webinar once again @SE4ALL @GLOBAL ALLIANCE CLEAN COOKING @ENERGY4IMPACT.

     

    Best regards

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  • Benefits of the Changing Behavior Webinar Series.

    Dorothy Otieno Posted Mar 16 2018, 2:18 PM

    Changing Behavior webinar series in February 2018, was highly beneficial to Nyalore Impact a clean energy Last Mile Distributor working in rural Nyanza Kenya, a region with highest poverty rate in the country.

     

    The BCC training brought together Community Health Extension Worker and village traditional midwives, who work under very difficult conditions especially if they have to conduct delivery in the night where there is no electricity or solar light provision at the dispensaries, among other partners. The serious effects of Indoor Air Pollution on household was very well communicated and the CHEWs, are really in a hurry to safe lives at rural and peri urban  levels. This has thus driven demand of the clean cookstoves and fuels, Nyalore Impact can confirm to all partners/organization/clean energy entrepreneurs the importance of preparing the ground before planting the seed. This helps in avoiding white elephants in households and informing the communities on the health, social, economic, environment and sustainable developments benefits, to achieve the GACC target of 100 million household adopting clean cooking solutions and impact livelihood of the bottom of the pyramid and all. Many thanks to all the organizers of the webinar once again @SE4ALL @GLOBAL ALLIANCE CLEAN COOKING @ENERGY4IMPACT.

     

    Best regards

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  • Advocacy - a call to stop using the Water Boiling Test

    Xavier Brandao Posted Mar 01 2018, 5:21 AM

    Dear everyone,

     

    Some of you might have heard, but a few other stove practitioners and I have decided to start an advocacy initiative, and a call to the main stakeholders of the stove sector, to stop using the Water Boiling Test when testing stoves.

     

    There is a growing number of stakeholders in the cookstove sector who are increasingly concerned about issues related to stove testing.

    We have now enough proof, from many studies, that the most widely used testing protocol, the Water Boiling Test 4.2.3 (WBT) is utterly unreliable in predicting the performance of a stove.

     

    There are reasons to believe that using the WBT have had and can have large negative impacts on stove programmes.

     

    This is the list of signees of the call:

    • Adam Creighton, Independent consultant
    • Ashiq Ahamed, Senior Project Manager, TIDE
    • Camilla Fulland, Senior Adviser and former CEO of Prime Stoves, Norad
    • Cecil Cook, Independent expert, Stove anthropologist
    • Crispin Pemberton-Pigott, Adjunct Professor, China Agricultural University
    • Harold Annegarn, Adjunct Professor, North West University, South Africa
    • Jan-Carel Diehl, Assistant Professor - Design for Sustainability, Delft University
    • Jiddu Broersma, Technology Officer, Prakti
    • Jorund Buen, CEO, Prime Stoves
    • Miel Alanna, Independent consultant
    • Mouhsine Serrar, CEO, Prakti
    • Nikhil Desai, Independant expert
    • Nithya Ramanathan, CEO, NexLeaf
    • Partha Talukder, Business Manager, Prakti
    • Paul Medwell, Associate Professor, University of Adelaide
    • Peter Scott, CEO, Burn Manufacturing
    • Philip Lloyd, Adjunct Professor, Energy Institute, CPUT
    • Robert J van der Plas, Independent energy expert
    • Sujatha Srinivasan, Director, Servals
    • Todd Albi, General Manager, Silver Fire
    • Vahid Jahangiri, Deputy Director, ILF
    • Wouter Kersten, Co-ordinator Context Variation by Design
    • Xavier Brandao, Independent

     

    Please find the last version of the text of the call below, and attached as well. Also attached is the list of studies and examples of alternative protocols.

     

    If you have comments, questions, remarks, please share them, and let's discuss them on this thread.

     

    If you believe this is important, please share these documents around, and join us! And contribute to a much needed change in stove testing and research.

     

    Thanks!

     

     

    "Dear Sir, dear Madam,

     

    Locally obtained solid fuels play a major role in meeting the cooking and heating needs of about 3 billion people worldwide. For at least 40 years, stove designers have been innovating combustion devices to improve fuel efficiencies, improve general performance and reduce pollutant emission. Many improved stoves programmes have been funded and implemented over the years throughout Africa, Asia and Latin America, but they have not scaled rapidly. Many have failed and proven unsustainable.

     

    A principal culprit is the testing methods used to rate such stoves.

     

    The Water Boiling Test (WBT) protocol is the most widely used. Multiple versions have been used by the cooking stove community of implementers, manufacturers, and testers. Testing protocols are important tools: their role is to report the performance of a stove in terms of fuel savings and reduction of pollutants. Multiple versions of the WBT have been disseminated since its creation in 1982, the most commonly used being the WBT, the WBT 2.0, WBT 3.0, WBT 3.1, WBT 4.1.2. and WBT 4.2.3.

     

    A number of papers have been published in recent years about serious issues with the WBT. And there is now sufficient proof showing that the WBT, including its latest version 4.2.3, is unable to correctly assess the performance of an improved cookstove in a reliable manner.

     

    Further, many stakeholders have complained about the large variations in stove performance between what was reported in the lab, and in the field. Testers have described the test results as “irreproducible”. It is now well established in the literature that the WBT should never be used to assess how a stove performs in any context.

     

    In February 2017, a study by Lombardi and al. summarized the issues:

     

    “Some of WBT critical issues remain unsolved. In particular, the main weakness of the WBT concerns its real-life relevance. […] Criticism about WBT concerns also the repeatability of the protocol, with a number of researchers claiming that it would need to be reviewed in terms of accuracy. […] As a matter of fact, uncertainties related to temperature reading and vaporisation in the boiling region lead to high variability between test replicates.”

     

    A lot of debate has been made around formulation of metrics, primarily on thermal efficiency, which is often interpreted as the most immediate and distinctive stove performance parameter. Studies from Bailis et al. highlighted how relying on WBT thermal efficiency outputs, regardless of the relative importance of high and low power cooking tasks among the target population, can lead to misleading interpretations. Furthermore, Zhang et al. and Jetter et al. questioned the scientific meaningfulness of thermal efficiency at simmering.

     

    Finally, some unsolved issues concerning statistical significance of data are worth mentioning. WBT 4.2.3 includes “Statistic Lessons for Performance Testing”. The appendix specifies that the minimum number of test replicates for each model of stove should be three, […] Wang et al. investigated this topic using a simplified version of the WBT 3.0 and demonstrated that more than 5 replicates are likely to be required to avoid impractically large 95% confidence intervals and that even more replicates may be required to demonstrate a statistically significant difference in performance between two or more stoves.”

     

    Despite the several updates of the WBT protocol over the years, none of the core issues could be resolved.

     

    The recent discussions on the cooking stove discussion list Bioenergylists.org, specialized in state-of-the-art stove science, and at the ISO Technical Committee 285 showed that there are no solutions to “fix” the WBT protocol and in any case there exist other valid, reviewed test methods. Good science and reliable testing is at the core of the development of every stove product and every stove dissemination project. It is difficult to measure the damage through the use of this faulty testing protocol. What do we really know about the lab or field performance of stoves rated using it? How many test results are useless? How many stove projects or companies failed because of a performance claim that was unsupportable in the first place? How much effort, how much money was lost, how many disappointed customers?

     

    Before being able to do meaningful and impactful stove projects, we need to get the testing right.

     

    Alternative testing methods to the WBT exist already. They allow accurate measurement of the stove performance, both in the laboratory and in the field, they allow for repeatability. They have been reviewed, while the WBT never was. These alternative testing methods are listed below in this document and links are provided.

     

    We are a group of concerned implementers and researchers. We have launched a call to stop using the Water Boiling Test 4.2.3. To stop using it to certify, select, as well as develop stoves.

     

    Your organization is one of the stakeholders of the improved cookstove sector.

     

    Today, we need your help to make sure cookstoves are developed and selected according to reliable testing methods.

     

    We are asking your organization to support this effort and stop using the WBT in its projects and programmes, as well as, starting from now, not to fund new projects, programmes, and companies which plan to use the WBT to develop, select, or disseminate stoves.

     

    We are asking your organization not to make decisions based on the WBT.

     

    We are asking your organization to support the use and development of scientifically valid alternative protocols.

     

    Your role is critical in promoting good science, good stoves and ultimately making a positive impact in the field."

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