KERALA RURAL WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION PROJECT – JALANIDHI – FIELD STORIES…….
Crematorium in Elavally Grama Panchayath (Kerala State, India)
The Elavally Grama panchayath is situated in Thrissur district of Kerala state India, lies 23 kms away from headquarters. The total population of this Panchayath is 24753 nos and the Panchayath having 5760 nos households. In this 50% of households having less than 5 to 10 cent of land. and the average density of population is high and comes to 2764/km2. In Elavally, geographically 70 % of this Panchayath area seen waterlogged. The present procedure of cremation like open and underground burial inconvenience and difficulty to the people. This type of cremation will result into pollution in higher concentration in the air and water bodies like open well, cannals and rivers etc. The nearest crematorium which runs on LPG is 10 km away at Kottapady, Guruvayoor.The Panchayath has already acquired 50 cents of land in ward VIII at Kaniyamthuruth road which is protected with compound wall and presently used as a burial ground. Necessary approvals and clearances has already been received for this cemetery .The Panchayath has raised this as challenging environmental problem and requested to include this under sanitation component in the Jalanidhi Project, the situation has been examined detailed by the Environment team from the project and found that it is a crucial problem to be addressed. This has been brought to the notice of the World Bank Mission team which visited the project. The team also had a detailed discussion and sanction has been given to taken up this proposal as a special case under the sanitation component in Jalanidhi Project. The GP has adopted special resolution to include this activity under the sanitation community action plan. The role of the GP and supporting organisation in facilitating this proposal is crucial.
The Grama Panchayath has sourced the latest technology for the cremation by using a LPG based plant designed by the Indian Oil Corporation. This technology has ensured minimal pollution. The total cost of plant and other investments adds upto INR 43 lakhs. By using the latest technology the cremation activity is very cheaper and economical. This has reduced the burden of the public to carry the bodies to a long distance for cremation. The plant requires only little maintenance as it is made up of high quality materials. The Grama Panchyath has fixed Rs.2500.00 per cremation, this is very cheaper when compared to other traditional way followed by the community till date. The time required is also bare minimum. The GP has formed a committee for the operation and maintenance. The committee reports to the GP for all administrative purposes. The dead bodies are buried in this crematorium by producing the death certificates for normal death and Police clearance certificate in the case of abnormal death. The GP authorities and the community are happy that they have resolved a long pending problem and addressing the pollution to the water bodies.
Vellattukuzhi beneficiary group of Perumanna Klari GP become SMART!!!!!
Initiative, enthusiasm and innovative thinking of the beneficiary group is a classic example of Jalanidhi success. Vellattukuzhi beneficiary committee has developed and implemented a software called “ Sujala” for their institutional administrate activities. This software is used by the Beneficiary group and Scheme Level Committee to maintain project related information’s such as beneficiary details, consumer number, contribution details, meter reading, usage of water, tariff etc. The beneficiary group has developed this software in the planning phase itself. The technology use and application by the beneficiary group will ensure transparency, accountability, economy to planning and distribution of water resources and ensure judicious use of water. The application of technology will be very helpful to the beneficiary group during the implementation and post implementation period.
Serving poor and vulnerable is our first agenda – 100 % SC/ST inclusion in Urangattiri Grama Panchayath.
When Jalanidhi project launched in Uringattiri GP in Malappuram District, the Grama Panchayath authorities have decided to give first priority to the poor and vulnerable groups. The GP has decided to ensure portable and safe water to 100 % of Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe population. The GP has 735 SC households and 273 ST Households in the total population. Most of the colonies are situated in hilly terrains and difficult areas.75% of the ST colonies are isolated from other communities and they have no access to safe drinking water and electricity. Presently they are depending natural springs for drinking water needs during the perennial season. They are facing severe water scarcity during summer.SC/ST population staying in very interior and many SC/ST families have to go 3 or 4 kilometres to fetch water.
This has adversely affected the health and education of the people. The children are even rarely go to school during the summer, at that they are also helping the mothers to collect water from long distance. The support organisation staff visited the colonies and intensive campaign has done for the project. All the households are willing to join the scheme, but they are very poor and their earnings could only meet the daily bread. In this circumstance the Grama Panchayath authorities have discussed how to help these people. The GP board after elaborate discussion has been decided to meet the beneficiary contribution from GP fund to help the poorest of the poor . Hence hopefully 100% of SC/ST families have been included and will be benefitted through the Jalanidhi in Urangattiri GP.
Ground Water Recharge programme converge with NREGA in Puthege Gramapanchayath
Notwithstanding heavy rainfall in Puthige Panchayath, drying of wells in summer (Feb-May) is a very common problem. Therefore, to improve the perenniality of proposed drinking water source-wells, the WSP plan, Jalanidhi Project has initiated the collaboration with NRGEA activities of ground water recharge measures in four water shed area such as Puthige bayal,Santanadukka,Ponnengala and kolar. The major activities were involved treatments like: Vented cross bar, small check dam contour bunding, rain pits, water harvesting structures and percolation tanks. The unskilled Labor part was met in NREGA fund. Moreover, some substitute measures like strengthening of bunds and trenches through natural means, agronomic measures, and loose boulder check dams since they required Unskilled Labor only. Great intervention has been brought into enormous potential to introduce labor intensive GWR techniques in Puthige Panchayath. Two instances can give on Jalanidhi – MNREGS convergence for water conservation and Ground Water Recharge.
Anadipallam – A MadaKka of 2-3 Acre area filled and overflowing with water. This Madakka was built in the distant past and was repaired in 2002 under IWDP. This structure has helped in reducing the water scarcity downstream. NREGS – Jalanidhi collaboration the main work proposed is desilting of the reservoir during the dry season. Secondly, Shiriya river and check dam are appeared muddy and reflected acute soil erosion. The check dam is filled with sand and water holding capacity of the check dam has drastically reduced. By using labor intensive techniques, removed all mud and sand from the river.Thus, Jalanidhi Project has initiated the collaboration with NRGEA activities of ground water recharge measures in four water shed area
Sampoorna Shuchitwa Yajnjam- Sanitation Campaign
Jalanidhi project by Karuvarakundu introduced an new innovative the experiments started with IEC programmes. Considering as the foundation of the reach and establishment of project awareness with special emphasize and focus on sanitation there conducted one month campaign titled as ‘Sampoorna Shuchitwa Yajnjam- the Total sanitation campaign’. It aimed at maximum reachability of sanitation and hygiene promotion among people all over Karuvarakundu and it wished to be the best model for every GP’s. It conducted as the best example for participatory programme along with a number of various stake holders.
Objectives of the programmes planned were to identify sanitation issues with hygiene and sanitation both personal and environmental prevailing over the place, to do the extraction and enhancement of awareness the GP already has at various levels, to ensure the participation of cross-section of stakeholders in the sanitation campaign and to the implementation of remedialmeasures. The PRI ward members, health department and ASHA workers, MGNREGS workers, Kudumbashree personals educational institutional heads, merchant associationrepresentatives.
At the social component the programmes focused on different cross sections of the GP as Students’ Awareness, Community Awareness, Cleaning programs, HH Level sanitation drive, IEC through cultural activities with the highlighted HUMAN CHAIN were done by the active participation of common public of the GP.
As the result of the participatory foot stepping, at its non- structural social component, SAMPOORNA SUCHITWA YAJNJAM the total sanitation campaign organized at the GP for one month from September 2012 to 2nd October 2012 and as structural component a pay and Use Comfort Station and a Community Biogas plant implemented at place.
Fulfilling the concept of participatory , 1000’s of common public participated, at Karuvarakundu Grama Panchayath, and it could make some impacts into the credit of Samapoorna Shuchitwa Yajnjam the total sanitation campaign as improved cleanliness in institutions, towns and every public places, and a drastic decrease in epidemics gained at place. The social committed groups as health clubs in educational institutions, and GP and ward level sanitation committees formed and activated. And it controls the dumping of wastes in public places. The hygiene practices at home level improved. As the structural compound the biogas plant serves the purpose well as to generate biogas from slaughter wastes to the kitchen of Darul Najjatha Orphanage which has 400 above members. This campaign could make waves on the importance of pollution free environment for the long lasting safety of world from hazardous materials and micro organism among all the cross-sections of the GP.
Remote/Mobile Controller- Automatic Pump Operation in karuvarakundu GP
The motivation to introduce remote / mobile controller as the automatic pump operating mechanism has two focuses on the to minimize man power to save time, and it perfectly supporting the alternation or substitution needs of pump operators, and ability and advancement of user group as beneficiaries in novel technology.
For automatic pump operation mechanism there introduced two technologies; 1) robotic controller 2) mobile controller in Karuvarakundu GP. These devices are connected directly to the pumps/motors.According to the capacity of the tank and the quantity water pumping per seconds the required time to fill the tank can be set in the device.
In mobile control unit it is much easier, this device is functions in the same technology of mobile phones; the device also have a SIM card inserted and which facilitate the communications and commands to the pump from pump operators. That is the pump can be operated through SMS or miss calls as to start and stop motors. When it started or the pump received the command the main operator and up to 4 number’s of secondary users or operators will get the status messages.There these devices also serve the facility that during the pump in operation mode if the power supply failed it devices automatically start when the power supply restored, up to the commanded period of operation. In mobile controller, it sends status information to users or operators.
Relevance of these devices in such a rural area like Karuvarakundu GP is towards two main reasons: one is the availability of power in the desired time of pump operation is dependant, and the second one is the pump operators of small water supply schemes are encouraged to do different livelihood activities. To operate the pumps as remote controller saves the time taken for travel and loss of time during the failure of power supply.
People vs People – Karuvanchal BG
A Certain Group of people has gone to the court against sinking of well in theKaruvanchal BG. Project activities delayedfor one month. GP has decided to approach the court to counter the case. The court has not taken any kind of judgement regarding the case till the time. Thus, BG members carried out their project activates without considering the action from the court. Within the stipulated time the BG completed the whole work and commissioned the project in right time. As resulted, the GP which was overcome by another group of public of the same GP by approaching the honourable court for implementing Water Supply Scheme by sinking a well at the same place. This resulted in the first group against sinking of well due to the strong determination of the people for the well.
Plastic Recycling Unit
It is an innovative initiation of plastic waste disposal unit launched in Cheruvannur GP. The unit was propounded as a sanitation component of Jalanidhi project. The programme has been A novel unit of eliminating plastic waste in the GP has been solved by installing Plastic Recycling Unit and converting waste plastic for utility items. The programme is implementing through Kudumbasree members. 8 members from each ward collecting the plastic waste by charging a nominal fee for Rs.20/HHs. This people initiative has open eyes for others for replication.