Getting urbanization right :

    (worldbank.org/urbandevelopment.)

     

     

    The developing world is experiencing rapid urbanization, with the number of city dwellers

    expected to reach 4 billion in 2030, twice the level of 2000. The World Bank’s urban strategy,

    grounded in a policy framework that distills lessons from the ongoing Urbanization Reviews

    program, aims to ensure that rapid urbanization is managed well for resilient, inclusive, and

    sustainable growth. The Bank’s urban agenda is aligned with the twin goals and places greater

    emphasis on addressing risk from climate change and improving services for the urban poor.

    Programs launched in fiscal 2014 designed to catalyze support for the World Bank’s

    priorities included:

    • Low-Carbon, Livable Cities. This initiative assists rapidly

    growing cities to plan for low-carbon development,

    focusing on diagnostics and tools to improve

    planning and on new financing instruments. This

    year, City Creditworthiness Academy workshops were

    conducted in Nairobi, Kenya, and in Seoul, Republic of

    Korea, for African and Asian cities, respectively, as the first step in helping cities to improve their finances and access to capital so that they can

    deliver better services and make climate-smart investments.

    • Resilient Cities. Working with UN-Habitat, the Rockefeller Foundation, C40, and others,

    this program aids cities in managing natural disaster and climate risk, as well as broader

    challenges such as economic downturns, public health epidemics, and other systemic

    shocks.

    • Competitive Cities. This cross-sector initiative provides the leaders of cities and metropolitan

    regions with robust analytics on the drivers of city competitiveness; evidence to suppor policy decisions to attract investment, create jobs,

    and spur growth; and policy implementation

    support.

    • Inclusive Cities. This program focuses the Bank’s work

    on how to make cities more inclusive, broadening

    the agenda from infrastructure to improving access

    to land, public transport, jobs, and opportunities for all.

    MetroLab, or the Global Lab on Metropolitan Strategic Planning, is another innovative

    initiative by the World Bank to enable cities to learn from one another as they pursue a

    metropolitan approach to urban development. In fiscal 2014, MetroLab was convened in

    Seoul in partnership with the Seoul Metropolitan Government, and brought together over

    100 participants, including mayors, urban planners, and technical experts, from 18 cities in 15

    countries