Dear CoP members,
Today we bring Knowledge Hubs an interview with Kim Gunyoung, a team manager of Public Relations at the Korea Transport Institute (KOTI).
The Korea Transport Institute(KOTI) was established in 1986 and is a national research agency under the Prime Minister’s office and belongs to the National Research Council for Economics, Humanities and Social Sciences (NRCS).
Gunyoung joined KOTI in 2004 and is currently in charge of KOTI's PR, media and Knowledge Sharing Program (KSP). He has carried out extensive national research projects including‘Sustainable Transport Research’ and ‘Global Transport Development Index.’ From 2012 to 2014 he participated in ‘Leaders in Urban Transport Planning Seoul’ hosted by KOTI and World Bank.
Read the story of KOTI’s achievements, challenges and vision in knowledge sharing initiatives.
▲ Kim Gunyoung, a team manager of Public Relations at KOTI
1. Could you please tell us about the institution?
The KOTI develops national policies and social agendas in the transport sector and provide policy-making assistance to the government. Additionally, we focus on developing future transport technologies to explore new growth engines for the national economy and devise new strategies to support national transport policies.
As a core research institute, we have continued to play a crucial role in establishing national transport and logistics policies based on knowledge management and embody a research system oriented toward fusion and synergy.
2. Could you introduce your institution’s knowledge sharing initiatives?
Before the systematic frame for knowledge sharing was set up in 2012, KOTI irregularly held training seminars for foreign government officers. The knowledge sharing program we created is the Building Leaders in Urban Transport Planning (LUTP) which is jointly held with the World Bank. The target group for this program is senior level decision makers at the national, provincial or city level. The program includes a seven day on-site learning program that teaches through lectures, site visits, and intellectual exercises. The aim is to develop leadership capabilities on urban transport through learning best and worst practices from all over the world. It is held for a week every September or October. The LUTP (Seoul) series has been held four times for numerous participants from various countries; 26 participants from 7 countries in 2012, 35 participants from 9 countries in 2013, 31 participants from 6 countries in 2014, and 26 participants from 7 countries in 2015.
Additionally, KOTI has participated in biannual training programs for high-level officers jointly held by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport (MOLIT), Korea Research Institute for Human Settlements (KRHIS), and Korea Institute of Civil Engineering and Building Technology (KICT).
3. Can you explain the key features and strengths of knowledge sharing with your institution?
We firmly believe that the most important factor of knowledge sharing is to build up databases on transport SOC, operation, and technology and share it with the relevant parties. In this regard, we have published the KOTI KSR (Knowledge Sharing Report) Series since 2012. The reports include Korea’s best and worst practices on all transport fields and help developing countries apply our cases to their situations.
Currently 22 books have been published in the KSR series and about 5,000 books have been spread to foreign embassies in Korea, international branches of KOICA, and Ministries of Transport of developing countries.
Click here to find KOTI’s modularization report on national transport database. https://www.kdevelopedia.org/resource/view/04201210100122072.do
4. Can you share the best practices of knowledge sharing programs of your institution?
Under the lead of NRCS, the Eurasia Knowledge Network was created in 2014. As a follow-up for this project, KOTI has participated in the Knowledge Sharing Program for capacity building in Uzbekistan. The Uzbekistan government asked us to share our experience on transport policies in order to improve their transport infrastructure.
The Uzbekistan participants who had taken the training programs in 2014 and 2015 have spread the word on the quality of this seminar series. In November 2015, we conducted a training program for 40 participants as per a request of the Uzbekistan government. The events covered Korea’s polices on national transport, urban transport, road, intelligent transport systems, and cooperation on logistics between Korea and Uzbekistan.
In 2016, two Knowledge Sharing Programs will be conducted. Additionally, KOTI has been asked to create a knowledge sharing program for presentation in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
5. What do you think are the most important elements when pursuing knowledge sharing projects?
Korea’s remarkable development in economy and transport has been spotlighted from various developing countries. However, the strategies and approaches that Korea had would not be the perfect answer. Some projects had been carried out by political reasons without sufficiently adjusting to opinions from the people.
As each country has their own situations based on different cultures and systems, Korea’s training system and on-site education programs are not directly relevant to exporting transport technology and creating national interests. Thus it was important for us to consider and reflect this circumstance when publishing the series.
In an educational setting, participants ask very practical questions such as “To whom do buses and taxies belong?” “Who owns the roads and who oversees their operations?” “Which agency issues the approval of business purposes for vehicles such as taxis?” “What if a bus driver does not follow the set time interval between buses? They would like to hear more specific and practical answers rather than general explanation like “we operate a bus-only lane and have high speed rails running at over 300 km/h.”
6. What challenges lie ahead for your institution to further improve your knowledge sharing capacity?
KOTI established the Global Transport Academy to conduct education and training programs. Through it we carried out 22 training programs for 240 trainees from 35 countries in 2014.
Requests for systematic education programs to build the capacity of government officers in developing countries increased in 2015. To spread our best practice, it is crucial to develop special training programs for developing countries by collaborating with international organizations such as the World Bank, Asian Development Bank (ADB), Citynet and United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia (UNESCAP). Beyond the training programs, KOTI should extend networks with relevant organizations including Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA), Export-Import Bank (EXIMBANK) and domestic engineering companies and strengthen cooperation with them.. These efforts would help us update the development experiences and renew existing databases.
7. What would you like to learn from other Knowledge Hubs members?
It is necessary to share systematic programs organized by various sectors such as industry, economy, construction, and so forth, reflecting experience and knowledge of a number of research institutes from their trials and errors. Using KDI School’s knowledge platform ‘K-Developedia’ is a good way to share valuable ideas and expertise and build up interactions between relevant institutes in order to spread the efforts KOTI has made.
LUTP website homepage : http://english.koti.re.kr/lutp2015/overview.asp