During the last 50 years, the population of India has grown two and a half times, but urban India has grown by nearly five times. Karnataka is among the highly urbanized state with 34% of its population being urban & Bengaluru being the capital city observes the maximum urbanisation. With an overall growth, the city has been witnessing an increase in the percentage of urban poor. A large percentage of its population (about 18 per cent), is living in slums. In addition to the recognized slums, a large number of poor households live in mixed, unrecognized & low-income settlements and in villages that are surrounded by development activities.
As in the case of poverty eradication, a critical issue facing Bengaluru is that of growth management and service delivery which, is divided up between the BBMP and a large number of organizations / parastatal such as the Development Authority, Utility Board and the Slum Board etc.
The consequence of such accelerated pace of urban growth is increased pressure on infrastructure. As with the problem of poverty, it is imperative to strengthen the planning
mechanism in order to achieve an overall improvement in the living conditions. In this regard the planning focus requires a clear, implementable and comprehensive urban planning strategy and a policy to address the overall development, especially slum upgradation and services to the urban poor cutting across administrative, institutional and spatial boundaries;
In this context the CDSUS project is an effort, which we all hope shall contribute in bringing out excellent information & analysis of urban poor, planning, resource mobilisation areas help in deriving strategies, action plans for overall city development & urban poverty alleviation programmes.