In January of this year, the World Bank and WRI gathered again for the annual Transforming Transportation conference that looks at more sustainable transport modes. This year’s theme was “Beyond Commitments: Sustainable Mobility for All”.
The conference covered diverse topics on transportation, including high-level plenaries on sustainable mobility, new mobility technologies, and updating our understanding on accessibility and economic growth. Parallel sessions focused on financing clean bus upgrades, logistics innovation, urban mobility in Africa, providing accessibility for all, policy and open data, low-carbon transport and energy use, transport demand management, public space design, and road safety.
The conference also had a specific session on Implementing Transit Oriented Development, which included presentations by:
- Moderator, Robin King (WRI Ross Center for Sustainable Cities) – an introduction to WRI’s upcoming World TOD Resource (to be launched in April), which will be a comprehensive information and learning platform to understand TOD best practices and find e-learning resources (see presentation here)
- Mukund Kumar Sinha (Ministry of Urban Development, India) – a summary of ongoing TOD efforts in India, including corridor-level, area-level, and city-level implementations (see presentation here)
- Om Prakash Agarwal (Punj Lloyd Institute of Infrastructure Management, Indian School of Business) – a discussion of the Indian context for TOD, that metros are often chasing existing density, so the focus should be on improving interchanges and access to stations (see presentation here)
- Luc Nadal (Institute for Transport and Development Policy (ITDP)) – a call to break the cycle of car dependence by improving mass transit provision in major metro areas and focusing on TOD-style growth, which is inherently more inclusive (see presentation here)
- Kate Owens (WRI Ross Center for Sustainable Cities) – an analysis of how TOD principles can apply to Dar es Salaam, Tanzania by re-scaling the vision and focusing on land pooling to overcome challenges of many small plots along transit corridors (see presentation here)
- Gerald Ollivier (World Bank T&ICT) – a summary of the 3 Value (3V) framework for TOD (more below) (see presentation here)
Summary of 3V Presentation
In particular, Gerald provided a concise summary of the principles of transit-oriented development, and how cities can be reshaped through the 3 Value (3V) Framework, based on a book about to be released. By understanding each station’s node value, place value, and market potential value, planners can better prioritize new development in the city and come up with customized strategies for transformation.
A case study from our Zhengzhou project on job accessibility was used to explain how strategically investing in TOD could reap benefits for the city. By identifying network centralities and key interchange stations, station areas with high potential to absorb new development were identified. Analysis showed that while only 12% of jobs are accessible in the city are accessible within 45 minutes by Metro Lines 1-3 and walking, adding bus connections and TOD infill development increases accessibility to 39%. Including bicycles brings job accessibility up to 46%.
Beyond accessibility, these density increases can be used to finance the new transit itself. Nanchang is working on a phased TOD strategy for their new metro system, identifying large/medium/small station area development potentials. Profits from TOD developments are estimated to cover 15-20% of construction costs for Lines 1 and 2.
|8 Key Principles for Inclusive and Resilient TOD|