This Power for All report identifies the five most important national energy policies needed to end electricity poverty for approximately 1 billion rural poor (mostly living in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia), and outlines the steps governments can take to implement those policies, specifically the integration of decentralized renewable (also known as distributed or “off-grid”) solutions into energy infrastructure planning and build-out.
The report centers on new quantitative and qualitative analysis from the Platform for Energy Access Knowledge (PEAK)—a joint project between the Renewable and Appropriate Energy Laboratory (RAEL), University of California, Berkeley and the Power for All campaign. PEAK examined the policies of five high-growth decentralized renewable energy (DRE) markets—India and Bangladesh in Asia, and Kenya, Tanzania and Ethiopia in Africa—to identify trends in energy policy that will help other countries replicate success.
In order to measure progress, the report also unveils an Energy Access Target Tracker (EATT), which for the first time indexes the 48 energy-poorest countries and their national energy access targets, and determines which are best prepared to achieve universal electrification and which are not. Currently, almost two-thirds of the countries lack a rural energy access target. The 48 countries together account for 540 million rural unelectrified, more than half of the global total.
Power for All sets out a Call to Action to goverments, making key three recommendations on policy implementation and process, including:
- Setting the target: include decentralized renewables in national policies and rural electrification plans
- Ending the implementation gap: institute decentralized energy in integrated energy planning so that grid extension, mini-grids, and standalone systems are given equal consideration
- Instituting collaborative policy design: DRE multi-stakeholder-led policy-making that includes government, private sector, funding and civil society actors