Sector performance - problems, and opportunities. Road, railway, air transport, multimodal transport.
Armenia’s transport sector plays an important role in the national economy, which is constrained by geography and international politics.1 The country’s transport infrastructure, however, is not adequate, as evidenced by Armenia’s positions in various international rankings.2 Improving the country’s deficient transport network is therefore critical for lowering the transportation and trade costs, and thus for increasing income-earning opportunities and for realizing the full benefits of Armenia’s otherwise liberal trade regime.3 Excluding pipelines, rail and road carried most of the freight in 2013, as measured in ton–kilometers (ton–km). Yerevan, the capital city, accounted for about two-thirds of the domestic freight by roads. Roads account for most of passenger traffic, while air transport accounts for less than 1 % (in passenger–km).4
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