Georgia occupies a very central and strategic geographical position in the Southern Caucasus region. It constitutes the western neck of Caucasus through which cargoes are transported using the TRACECA corridor. The importance of Georgia is also reinforced by its role as the main gateway to the neighboring and landlocked Republic of Armenia.
Georgia borders Russia in the North, Azerbaijan in the East, Armenia in the South as well as Turkey. A common maritime border is also shared with Ukraine.
Georgia’s transport network has been undergoing a great development since the independence of the country. It is today composed of nearly 1,600 km of rail line and 19,800 km of road. It also possesses a number of international ports including Poti and Batumi, which serve as the European gateways for international dry-cargo trade in the whole Caucasus region and beyond.
Georgia Country Fiches:
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