This report was commissioned by the World Bank’s Energy & Extractives Practice (GEEDR), with the support of the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP) and the Africa Renewable Energy Access Program (AFREA). The project team comprised Srilata Kammila, Jan Kappen, Dana Rysankova, Besnik Hyseni, and Venkata Ramana Putti. The report relied on inputs from a wide cross-section of World Bank staff, numerous industry experts, manufacturers, distributors, policy makers, and nongovernmental organizations, including interviews with more than one hundred players in the clean and improved cooking energy sector in Africa and globally. Critical advisory/technical inputs have been provided by World Bank colleagues Koffi Ekouevi, Richard Hosier, Klas Sander, Masami Kojima, Laurent Durix, Yabei Zhang, Sudeshna Ghosh Banerjee, Mikul Bhatia, Joy Clancy, Christophe de Gouvello, and Sameer Akbar; Lasse Ringius, Luiz Maurer, and Pepukaye Bardouille from IFC; and Radha Muthiah, Sumi Mehta, Leslie Cordes, Ranyee Chiang, and Sean Bartlett from the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves. The final draft was reviewed by Koffi Ekouevi, Laurent Durix, Masami Kojima, and Klas Sander. Meike Van Ginneken, Practice Manager (West and Central Africa), provided valuable guidance. Dalberg Global Development Advisors (www.dalberg.com) acted as the consultants for the report. Their team was led by Michael Tsan (partner and lead report author) and comprised Gaurav Gupta, Jason Wendle, Paul Collett, Fauzia Jamal, Yaquta Kanchwala, Pallavi Jayannavar, Nicholas Whalley, Kira Intrator, Ibrahima Wade, Kathleen Wade, Ethan Kay, Neha Juneja, and Ankit Mathur.