|2010 – Moldova, International Logistics Centre (ILC) at the free Marculesti International Airport|
Intermodal project. Upgrade, new construction. The ILC with territory of 40 ha is located about 30 km east of the city centre of Balti. There are reasonably good connections to the urban and national highway network, but limited integration with the international road network. Thus, there is a need for future road network improvements in order to enhance integration and accessibility. The Marculesti International Airport site is located directly on the TRACECA railway network, which gives an adequate integration and accessibility with regard to railway-based transport solutions. Additionally there will be a need for new local level access roads to the site, as well as railway access to the main line and present railway junction at Marculesti.
|Demand estimation from IDEA II-EaP transport model year 2030|
|The project will build a new facility on the site to create an intermodal Logistics Centre in Moldova. The project aims to increase the interaction with the city of Chisinau and the Free International port "Giurgiulesti". Expected outcomes include significant cost reductions in international transport and a decrease in the average transit time for international traffic and regional distribution. The proposed project would substantially broaden the business, in particular by making it truly multimodal. In short terms, this would entail:rehabilitating an existing branch line (0.24 km) to Marculesti Station, allowing cheaper fuel delivery by rail tanker instead of by road tanker (also environmental and safety effects), completion of the construction of a new air cargo terminal. |
In subsequent phases it would entail:
|12-20 mln EUR|
|The FIA Marculesti has been included into the Transport Strategy of Moldova as one of the multimodal hubs to be developed in the country (other hubs have been identified at Chisinau, the port of Giurgiulesti and close to the railway bogie-exchange facility at the Romanian border at Ungheni). The Strategy was approved by the Government of Moldova in August 2013. The improvement of road access to the site as an important step towards implementation is under consideration by the Ministry of Transport and road construction.Also the strategy urges to promote private investments on the Marculesti International Airport, which will focus on inter alia on cargo flights and Multimodal Logistics Center.|
|Expected impacts on transport, environment, social, other|
|This project will have a big impact on intermodality in Northern Moldova, creating opportunities for transhipment between the three modes of transport (road, rail and air) and encourages use of rail transport for long-haul freight transport, in preference to road. The infrastructure will reduce costs born by producers, intermediaries and consumers and promote trade with the EU, with the CIS, and between the EU and NIS. |
Environmental impacts: According to the plan only a part of the residential areas in the investigation area is impacted by the projected ILC. The impacts caused by the ILC development are due to noise (traffic and logistics activities) and pollution (mostly by traffic). The noise from the airport will cover the noise from the ILC operation. It is not very likely that the effect could be additional. Beyond, emission reductions are possible due to the use of more effective and appropriate modes of transport (i.e. movement of freight from roads to railway).
The reclaiming of land is the greatest impact of the projected ILC, because that reduces the biomass production. Potential land for biological processes will be lost. It is not very likely that the groundwater will be influenced by the ILC project, if state-of-the-art technical measures are built in (for example oil separators for all water collecting on traffic areas, collecting of waste water and recycling of water in the container washing plants). It will be necessary to protect the river against traffic pollution and spoiling. Therefore it will be necessary to clean the waste water before leading it into the river. Regarding the near water body the storage areas need to be water proof, that no pollution - especially chemicals - can reach the river.
Outside the investigation area, a more significant influence could arise from heavy vehicles directly passing the residential areas on their way from/to the projected ILC. Most of the planned area is in use or anthropogenic overbuilt, therefore no compensation is considered necessary. Nor is there any wild life in the vicinity which is likely to be adversely affected by the proposed use of the land, to the extent that remedial action is needed.
Socio-economic impact: While the Central Development Region is dominant in wine production, other fruits are grown extensively in the north, in particular apples which account for 70% orchard land. Fresh apples, apple juice and apple juice concentrate are exported to 20 countries, from Canada to Kyrgyzstan. But the area of fruit orchards has declined by over 50% since the peak year of 1993 and production has declined by rather more. There is interest in revitalizing the fruit industry with emphasis on adding value through drying and other forms of processing. The main constraints are on the supply side. With government and donor support, the establishment of a high-quality logistics facility in the heart of an apple-growing region may catalyse efforts to overcome these problems, by offering cost-effective and reliable means to access profitable export markets. Beyond, project relieves poverty, which is especially acute in rural areas and contributes to more balanced regional development.
|Source of Funding|
|In Moldova, there is a legislative framework for concessions. PPP could be an option with the successful example of the free port "Giurgiulesti". EBRD could be involved in financing the rehabilitation of key national transport infrastructure as prioritised by the government's draft Transport and Logistics Strategy for 2013-2032, which was approved in late-2013.|