Earlier this year, cities interested in implementing transit-oriented development gathered in Tokyo as part of the 2nd Annual Technical Deep Dive on TOD, organized by the World Bank’s Tokyo Development Learning Center (TDLC) in collaboration with the TOD CoP and the Government of Japan. The in-depth program covered the principles of how TOD can benefit cities as well as technical ways this development strategy can be implemented on the ground. Participants also saw 3 case studies around Tokyo and Yokohama: Shinjuku, Shibuya, and Yokohama’s harbor and HSR station district.
The 3V Framework was introduced to the participants as a comprehensive and systematic way of assessing and prioritizing the TOD potential across a city’s transit network. To supplement this theoretical frame, participants heard from local officials from different cities in Japan as well as national policymakers about the history and evolution of transit-oriented development patterns.
To tie these lessons back to their own contexts, the 5 days had numerous interactive discussions about their cities’ plans for TOD, and how they can overcome their challenges with tools and mechanisms they learned about in Tokyo. Key challenges that were frequently highlighted were:
- Retrofitting TOD into an existing urban area
- Sustainable financing for large upfront transit investments
- Legal and regulatory frameworks to allow for streamlined land acquisition
- Inter-jurisdictional coordination to ensure different layers of government are on the same page
The week culminated with each participant city preparing a set of after action plans to move forward on their proposed TOD strategy. Specifically, in Dakar, Senegal, city leaders aim to create a polycentric city to reduce congestion and promote development along their expanding BRT network. They want to actively use the 3V framework to prioritize development opportunities. In Belgrade, Serbia, city planners realized that elements of their current Transport Master Plan could be leveraged for significant real estate development, especially at major interchange hubs. They aim to increase the quality of the urban environment at these nodes by creating more public spaces and improving pedestrian connectivity.
For more details, refer to the summary attached below.