The TOD CoP works with over 30 cities around the world on their TOD projects, with both the T&DD and SURR global practices. You can find an overview of the CoP's work in this presentation, our previous newsletters, and in the table attached.
Introduction to TOD Concepts
Transit-oriented development (TOD) is a multidisciplinary planning and design strategy for cities to promote sustainable urban development form. It encourages more people to take public transport and reduces the need for motorized trips by focusing development and economic clusters around rapid transit stations, enhancing universal accessibility, while offering green and efficient urban mobility options. By increasing density and designing for walkability along rapid transit lines like metro, LRT, and BRT, you encourage people to take public transportation, and discourage unplanned developments that depend on car usage. For more details, refer to these resources and reports:
· An Introduction: “Transforming Cities with Transit” by Hiroaki Suzuki – This book is an essential and comprehensive look at how you can reshape urban land use around rapid transit infrastructure, the central principle behind TOD. A summary presentation can be found here.
· WB/WRI TOD Corridor Course, Module 1 (PDF) (PPT), Module 2 (PDF) (PPT), and Module 3 (PDF) (PPT) – This learning course was co-developed with the World Resources Institute (WRI) and the World Bank TOD CoP, and covers the key elements of developing TOD along a rapid transit corridor. Modules 1-3 cover the basic arguments for TOD and building blocks.
· Transforming the Urban Space through Transit-Oriented Development: The 3V Approach - This book explains TOD in the context of reshaping urban development, and offers an approach to developing types of TOD interventions based the characteristics of each station area. An overview presentation of the 3V Framework covers the essentials of the 3 values of TOD - node value, place value, and market potential value. Infographic version can be found here in PDF.
Tools for Design & Implementation
Effective implementation of TOD requires comprehensive planning of land uses around rapid transit stations, as well as the building of local infrastructure that may or may not already exist, like roads, water/sewer/electrical utilities, broadband communication and social service institutions. To be able build these districts in a cohesive and walkable manner, often parcels will need to be combined and have their shape changed to build this infrastructure. When paired with well-considered pedestrian-friendly urban design, the TOD district can provide safe and high-quality pathways to the station and can accommodate more development in the same area.
· Case Study: Land Readjustment in Japan, by TDLC - This case study looks at the options that Japan has used to combine and change parcels to allow for comprehensive urban redevelopment.
· How-To Guide on Urban Design & TOD - This How-To Guide collects best practices on urban design for TOD, and some of the CoP's best projects that focus on corridor design.
· How-To Guide on Metropolitan Strategy & TOD - This How-To Guide provides an overview of the importance of regional/metropolitan strategy to get TOD implemented across jurisdictions.
· India TOD Guidelines, prepared by MoUD, Chapter 5 (Page 64) - This set of TOD guidelines for the Indian context focuses on urban design best practices in Chapter 5 of this book.
Using Land Value Capture for Equitable Financing
One of the other benefits of TOD is that by allowing increased development in geographically focused areas around transit, the government can capture the uplift in value of the land in those areas with land value capture mechanisms. LVC recognizes the benefit that publicly-funded urban transit investments provide to landholders, and by capturing part of that benefit, more infrastructure can be built in the city. See diagram attached for an idea on how this should work.
· Financing Transit-Oriented Development with Land Values: Adapting Land Value Capture - This book prepared by Hiroaki Suzuki looks at examples of how to finance TOD and transit with LVC techniques (see related presentation).
· How-To Guide on Land Value Capture & TOD - This How-To Guide collects the best knowledge on land value capture and financing from across Bank projects.
· WB/WRI TOD Corridor Course, Module 5 (or as a PowerPoint)- This learning module focuses on the options for financing TOD investments in rapid transit and in accompanying local infrastructure that supports development.
You are encouraged to reach out to Gerald Paul Ollivier (COP Lead), Cuong Duc Dang (COP co-Lead), John Patrick Good , Basak Gunes Basat Unal (COP Manager), Felipe Targa Rodriguez, Valerie Joy Eunice Santos or Aiga Stokenberga (DC Connectors) to further your TOD engagements.