CBDRM is a process in which at-risk communities are actively engaged in the identification, analysis, treatment, monitoring and evaluation of disaster risks in order to reduce their vulnerabilities and enhance their capacities. This means that people are at the heart of decision making and implementation of disaster risk management activities.
Aim CBDRM aims at involving the community in the disaster risk management process
to 1) reducevulnerability; 2)increase/strengthen community capacity to prepare for and respond to disasters; and 3) Undertake sustainable development and poverty reduction.
Immediately after the Great Hanshin Awaji Earthquake of 1995, many people were rescued from the debris by their neighbours. Statistics show that 85% of the people were wither self evacuated or were rescued by their neighbors. This indicates the importance of community immediately after a disaster. The greater that devastation and vastness of the disaster impacts is, the less chance there will be of outreach by public assistance.
Before During After
Self Help: Preparations by individuals, families. Mutual Help: Preparation by local communities. Public Help: Preparation by public institutes
Organize, Capital Development, skill enhancement, Linkages Development
Philosophy of CBDRM
CBDRM Activities need to be conducted by not only public authorities (Public Help), but each individual (Self Help), constituents of the community (Mutual Help) and joint efforts of these three actors. To protect lives and property, awareness raising of each individual, creating appropriate risk perception, promoting preparedness at home and in the community and enhancing resilience as communities are necessary.
Principles of CBDRM
•People’s participation is a must
•Priority is given to the most vulnerable people
•Interventions are based on Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment (VCA)
•Risk reduction measures are community specific
•CBDRR activities are managed/operated/sustained by the communities themselves.
Process of CBDRM
•Recognizing Disaster Risk