I am pleased to report on this platform about an event I attended last night in San Bernardino, California.   . http://entre.csusb.edu/content/innovation-challenge


It included students and young professionals competing for a $20,000 prize.   "California State University San Bernardino students, faculty, staff and alumni gathering to award a prize to the best cutting edge idea that will help change our campus,  our community, or quite possibly the world?"   or as we say in development work - small steps that lead to big changes'


The Annual CSUSB Innovation Challenge competition gives opportunity to team up, sharpen new ideas, and solve problems. The Event featured Open Pitch nights to present ideas, network, and form teams comprised of ANYONE from the CSUSB community, and compete for $20,000 in cash prizes at the main event.

I attended seeking to find the best Sustainable Development Goal ideas that had already STARTED BUILDING.  I was particularly interested to determine if the SDG Challenge had filtered down from UNGA in New York since 2015, and whether the innovation teams plans addressed Agenda 2030 concepts.  I can tell you, I wasn't disappointed.

As always, I am seeking feedback from members of this platform, hoping that being mobile based platform now will improve the level of communication.   Is anyone able to access this by email from your car as you drive down the street if an email alert was sent to you with this message?


100 & Change: The Finalists Live

Posted by wt48 Dec 11, 2017

I would like to encourage my colleagues on this platform to take some time to review a very exciting event on December 20.  https://www.macfound.org/events/200/


The MacArthur Foundation will through its  100&Change competition, award a $100 million grant to fund a single proposal that promises real and measurable progress in solving a critical problem of our time.  This link previews the 4 finalist and their separate visions for using this money.  


Is this an idea which the WBG members should consider replicating in countries where the majority of the 'bottom billion' are currently residing?  

I have been working on a plan to advocate in favor of people who need some help understanding what democracy is like...  Have you ever walked in mountains above 12,000 feet?  How many times have you flown over 20,000 feet tall mountains?  I need some help from my friends to put together an up-to-date SDG exhibit in Palm Desert, California on November 4?    Interested, love to hear answers to any questions posed below:


My question of the day is how to rev up a campaign collaborating with UNHCR in Cox Bazaar, Bangladesh.    What kind of interventions are required to address the issue of Rohingya in Bangladesh?



  1. 1.    How many of Rohingya are there in Bangladesh
  2. 2.    What is the contribution of Bangladesh government and Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina towards Rohingya?
  3. 3.    How many of them are children?
  4. 4.    How many women are there?
  5. 5.    What is the national policy on refugee?
  6. 6.    How can the issue impact the Rohingya children in future?
  7. 7.    What is there education policy?
  8. 8.    What is the total area of Bangladesh?
  9. 9.    What is the population in Bangladesh?
  10. 10.What is the short-term requirement of Rohingya?
  11. 11.What is the long-term requirement of Rohingya?
  12. 12.What is the impact on environment in Bangladesh?
  13. 13.What kind of threat can they pose to national and community security?
  14. 14.What is the potential risk associated with Rohingya in terms of social, political and economic impact on Bangladesh?
  15. 15.What are the challenges for Bangladesh to deal with the issue of Rohingya?
  16. 16.What kind of skill do they have?
  17. 17.What can be the impact on international peace if the Rohingya are not reintegrated?


I was extremely pleased to review the April 2017 WBG Approach Paper 'Engaging Citizens for Better Development Results',   This IEG Evaluation of World Bank Group Citizen Engagement highlights the importance of the WBG to engage citizens in their own development.   It covers lots of ground about what has been done to mainstream citizen engagement.


12 years ago, when I was the regional head of UNHCR operations in northeastern Bosnia & Hercegovina, I was extremely supportive of its efforts to engage 'Youth Voices' in that country.  Today, I am attempting to foster collaborations (engaging human resources at grass roots levels) to bring new players to the table during Agenda 2030, in line with the objectives of its Strategic Framework to further strengthen operational engagements. 


The report emphasizes the important work at macro and policy levels over an extended period.  But as I commented to a high level UN staffer, certainly  ... "Everyone deserves an equal shot at economic opportunity but not everyone has access to the professional networks that can make this possible'.  Technological advances, especially cell phone and internet platforms are making it possible to '...  connect underserved communities to the networks, skills and opportunities they need to succeed'.  


I am posting today in hopes of engaging members of this platform in further discussions about ENGAGING CITIZENS: WHY AND HOW?  (a sub-heading in this paper, including points 12 to 15).  My objective is to discuss and gain insights into the 'types of activities and entry points' where 'supplemental assistance' might 'add-value' to current programming efforts.


Finance For Inequality

Posted by arif_india Mar 11, 2017

Finance for development in the sense of how we can execute proper availability to correct ends, which lead in terms of development , it can be execute be government ,


Private and international programme. Below these all agencies providing finance for development:

Multilateral development bank (MDB)


The following are usually classified as the main MDBs:

World Bank

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)

European Investment Bank (EIB)

Islamic Development Bank (IsDB)

Asian Development Bank (ADB)

European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)

CAF - Development Bank of Latin America (CAF)

Inter-American Development Bank Group (IDB, IADB)

African Development Bank (AfDB)

Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)


"Sub-regional" multilateral development banks


Caribbean Development Bank (CDB)

Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI)

East African Development Bank (EADB)

West African Development Bank (BOAD)

Black Sea Trade and Development Bank (BSTDB)

Economic Cooperation Organization Trade and Development Bank (ETDB)

Eurasian Development Bank (EDB)

New Development Bank (NDB) (formerly BRICS Development Bank)



Multilateral financial institutions (MFIs)


European Commission (EC)

International Finance Facility for Immunizations (IFFIm)

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)

Nordic Investment Bank (NIB)

OPEC Fund for International Development (OFID)

Nederlandse Financieringsmaatschappij voor Ontwikkelingslanden NV (FMO)

International Investment Bank (IIB)

Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa (BADEA)





Founded              Name   

1944       IMF International Monetary Fund

1944       IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development

1956       IFC International Finance Corporation

1960       IDA International Development Association

1966       ICSID, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes

1988       MIGA Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency




many organization worldwide providing finance for development, means not only in terms of monetary, what I understand, after not after, with continued these development  programmed, why difference increasing between richer and poor.


Inequalities, which are extreme. For example, credit Suisse’s annual wealth reported in 2014 that "that the lower half of global population collectively own less than 1% of global wealth". By contrast, the bank calculated that the richest 10% owns 87% of global assets, while the top 1% accounts for "almost half of all assets in the world"

I was pleased to meet with a Model UN group at a local Riverside high school yesterday.   I was equally pleased that the group's teacher is now a member of this platform.  Thanks Renee Day for the work you are doing. 


We are working together to validate proof of concept related to SDG17 and bringing new players to the table...


The Model UN members outlined an advocacy and awareness building effort to highlight the problems being encountered by over 60 million people today (many of them children and women).  I would appeal to other members of this platform who know of resources in their knowledge hubs that the Model UN students might use to make their advocacy more effective to contact Ms Day directly or place your comments below.


The video was prepared in 2014 when there were only 3 million Syrian refugees and internally displaced persons, the horror and nightmares, failures of humanity were highlighted. - follow this link https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rIolTbJ_K5U   For their advocacy efforts to succeed in our local community, they need to have access to cutting-edge reports, videos and materials as they prepare for their May event. 

Why do we need evidence?


The sustainable development agenda adopted by world leaders in September 2015 set a series of ambitious goals to end poverty, ensure equal economic growth, and tackle climate change by 2030. Rising inequalities, especially in developing countries, remind us that if we want to achieve these goals, we need more inclusive policies which consider the needs of the most vulnerable and disadvantaged populations.


Policymakers are constantly trying to identify better solutions to address global challenges, and that implies considering different policy options, and making a choice that can benefit each group of the population, which sometimes is extremely difficult. Even well-designed policies might have adverse impacts, particularly on the poor and the most socially excluded groups. That is why we need evidence to support better policy decisions, and that’s when Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (PSIA) gets in the picture. What is exactly PSIA? The World Bank defines it as “an approach to assess the distributional and social impacts of policy reforms on the well-being of different groups of the population, in particular the poor and vulnerable.”


We asked development practitioners why they would recommend PSIA over any other instrument. The top three reasons that emerged from their answers were:


  1. It helps us understand who will be the winners and losers of a reform, specifically, which groups (women, poor, refugees, etc.) are likely to be most affected;
  2. It helps support evidence-based policymaking;
  3. It facilitates knowledge exchange and dialogue among government officials, donors, and other stakeholders, and gives them an understanding of the potential consequences of reforms.

Impacts of policy reforms should be understood, analyzed, should be part of the dialogue, and if possible, mitigated.” Maria Beatriz Orlando, Program Manager, PSIA Multi-Donor Trust Fund, World Bank.


A PSIA in Bhutan on the country’s Heritage Sites Bill informed a significant policy shift by expanding Bhutan’s definition of cultural heritage beyond monuments to embrace a wider range of historical assets, including local communities and their lifestyles, and to promote a more equal socioeconomic development. By doing so, the provisions of the Bill are expected to have far-reaching implications for society while striking a good balance between preserving Bhutan’s valued heritage and accommodating youth’s aspirations.


In Moldova, another PSIA examined eight regions of the country which were to be the most affected by school closures with the initial implementation of the School Network Optimization reform. The PSIA collected data from over 66,000 students, which helped inform the Ministry of Education on the potential impact of the reform and recommended mitigation measures to address potential risks. The study was scaled-up nationwide by the Ministry, and became a catalyst for the development of the student-level Education Management Information System.


As Jordan faces high levels of youth employment (19% of men and 48% of women between 19 and 24 years old are unemployed), a PSIA studied the impacts of a pilot project on labor market outcomes for young people. Specifically, it examined the effects of a randomized experiment designed to help young women graduates find a job by testing two interventions: employability skills training for a group of young graduates, and a short-term incentive for employers through a voucher if they hired the graduates. The study found that wage subsidies can help increase youth employment in the short run, but are not a solution for the issues of high urban female youth employment. It also suggested a potential scaled-up model of the voucher intervention, with recommendations on proper implementation, monitoring and evaluation.


These are just a few examples of how evidence and analysis from the PSIA can innovate and help shape better policy reforms. This type of analysis goes back to the late 1980s, but gained more visibility over the past six years, thanks to the establishment of a multi-donor trust fund, which received contributions by five donor countries. From 2010 to present, the PSIA Multi-Donor Trust Fund has supported 240 projects in more than 85 countries in various sectors such as human development, natural resource management, climate change, education, etc. The trust fund, coming to an end soon, played an essential role not only in raising awareness on PSIA, but also in sharing knowledge about innovative methods for analysis.


PSIA is very helpful in trying to get policymakers and citizens to understand how policy can change things for the better, and see where the poverty trends are headed up to 2030.” Mthuli Ncube, Professor of Public Policy, University of Oxford


If knowledge is key to raise awareness and spur action on global issues, evidence is essential to drive policymakers in the right direction. From legislation and initial planning, to design and implementation, evidence should be always integrated, and not left at the end of the process when consequences — positive or negative — have already spread. In this way, even vulnerable groups who are often excluded from the decision-making process will have a voice, and there would be a more proactive and inclusive policy dialogue.


This blog is also available at Evidence for better-informed decisions and more inclusive policies | Voices

Excerpts from a post on LINKEDIN yesterday,

   Over the last month, I have attended a number of graduation and completion ceremonies, and had conversations with students (from 5th grade to university MBA grad students), who were completing another school year, and advancing forward. ‘Completion Counts’ is an important lesson to internalize early in life...

  Responding to student questions about the world we live in, as well as asking questions to help them ponder building skill sets to compete for the high paying careers in our global village, I often stressed the importance of learning, innovation and leadership.  I stress that American students need to complete as much formal education as possible, and plan their futures to include frequent global travel and living opportunities.

  I urge students to become passionate about public service, helping to speed up the pace  to eradicate extreme poverty by reducing the number of people living on less than $1.25 a day, and promote shared prosperity by fostering the income growth of the bottom 40 percent in every country (including our own).

  My personal testimonies focus upon personal experiences working with Millennium Development Goal 8 (MDGs - it is all about creating partnerships to move the development agenda forward to achieve successful outcomes, 2001-2015).  It is exciting for me to recall the countries where I worked to achieve very impressive results to eradicate extreme poverty, vaccinate and educate children, improve health profiles for the most vulnerable.

  2015 has been a banner year thus far, as countries prepare to come together for the annual United Nations summit in September in New York.  In its 70th year, the UN has been working feverishly, with country representatives from around the world, to prepare a global consensus for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to  the next 15 years (2015-2030).

  It has been extremely rewarding for me personally to have been involved with World Bank Group (WBG) efforts over the last few months.  Incredibly, more than 40,000 ‘ilke-minded people wishing to get involved in helping to make the world a better place’ have participated in on-line education using the WBG Open Learning platform.

  I have begun to use Google+ to communicate with others, gathering feedback and input from contacts around the world  (https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/100455444426884324097/100455444426884324097/posts/p/pub )  My goal, (to a more global international audience) involves building new partnerships and collaborations (both public and private sector) helping to make our cities and towns resilient to shocks. 

  My Google+ page “Addressing Risk, Boosting Resiliencies and Creating Prosperity” has links to a number of organizations that have given me guidance and help motivate me in this effort.  I’m currently seeking input from anyone who can help me to upgrade my Google+ page.


Who would I like to network with?

Posted by wt48 Jun 29, 2015

My target audience is like-minded people wishing to get involved in helping to make the world a better place.   Growing up, my heros were President Kennedy, Martin Luther King, Mahatma Gandhi and Henry Morton Stanley.  I was a Peace Corps Volunteer and a United Nations Volunteer, as well as a career United Nations professional officer.  After retiring, I became a Globalization consultant.  With the internet and cell phone technologies, we can reach any two points on earth.  Beginning with Riverside and its 9 sister cities, I would like to help build networks between cities that address risks and create opportunities.


I have attached a recent World Vision report which provides 7 steps to citizen driven accountable for the SDGs...

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