PUBLIC GRIEVANCE STARTED BY NAVJIVAN FOUNDATION FIRST SINCE 2003
General sense of legal is meeting the requirement under law. Most of the Indian people fear to law because of proper knowledge and illiteracy. So Navjivan Foundation has arrange some camps and give proper awareness to the public that this is his country and their duty to take part and understand the law and keep safe it.
All legal systems deal with the same basic issues, but each country categorises and identifies its legal subjects in different ways. A common distinction is that between public law (a term related closely to the state and including constitutional, administrative and criminal law), and private law (which covers contract, tort and property). In civil law systems, contract and tort fall under a general law of obligations, while trusts law is dealt with under statutory regimes or international conventions.
International, constitutional and administrative law, criminal law, contract, tort, property law and trusts are regarded as the traditional core subjects, although there are many further disciplines which may be of greater practical importance.
Legal word formed from Law and it is a system of rules, usually enforced through a set of institutions. It shapes politics, economics and society in numerous ways and serves as a primary social mediator of relations between people.
Contact Law regulates everything from buying a bus ticket to trading on derivatives markets. Property law defines rights and obligations related to the transfer and title of personal (often referred to as chattel) and real property. Trust law applies to assets held for investment and financial security, while tort law allows claims for compensation if a person's rights or property are harmed. If the harm is criminalised in a statute, criminal law offers means by which the state can prosecute the perpetrator. Constitutional law provides a framework for the creation of law, the protection of human rights and the election of political representatives. Administrative law is used to review the decisions of government agencies, while international law governs affairs between sovereign nation states in activities ranging from trade to environmental regulation or military action. Writing in 350 BC, the Greek philosopher Aristotle declared, The rule of law is better than the rule of any individual. Legal systems elaborate rights and responsibilities in a variety of ways. A general distinction can be made between civil law jurisdictions, which codify their laws, and common law systems, where judge made law is not consolidated.
In some countries, religion still informs the law. Law provides a rich source of scholarly inquiry, into legal history, philosophy, economic analysis or sociology. Law also raises important and complex issues concerning equality, fairness and justice. "In its majestic equality", said the author Anatole France in 1894, "the law forbids rich and poor alike to sleep under bridges, beg in the streets and steal loaves of bread." In a typical democracy, the central institutions for interpreting and creating law are the three main branches of government, namely an impartial judiciary, a democratic legislature, and an accountable executive. To implement and enforce the law and provide services to the public, a government's bureaucracy, the military and police are vital. While all these organs of the state are creatures created and bound by law, an independent legal profession and a vibrant civil society inform and support their progress.
We have given importance on the Legal rights since 2004 for the citizen and our motto to help the people for getting their proper rights and in this connection we have a great effort on the shape of Public Grievances and we are most success in this effort. At present here we have many more national and international cases. Rights are variously construed as legal, social, or moral freedoms to act (or refrain from acting) in some way, or entitlements to be acted upon (or not be acted upon) in some way. Rights are of vital importance in the fields of law and ethics, especially theories of justice and deontology. Legal rights sometimes also called civil rights or statutory right are rights conveyed by a particular polity, codified into legal statutes by some form of legislature , and as such are contingent upon local laws, customs, or beliefs. In contrast, natural rights /moral rights are rights, which are not contingent upon the laws, customs, or beliefs of a particular society or polity. Natural rights are thus necessarily universal, whereas legal rights are culturally and politically relative. Civil rights may refer to several different things: civil rights movement, various campaigns in many countries, and on a transnational scale, for equality before the law. Civil and political rights are a class of rights ensuring things such as the protection of peoples' physical integrity; procedural fairness in law; protection from discrimination based on gender, religion, race, sexual orientation, etc; individual freedom of belief, speech, association, and the press; and political participation. Legal rights are rights that are bestowed by nations on those within their jurisdiction; they are sometimes also called civil rights in common law jurisdictions. Contrast with natural rights or human rights, which many scholars claim that individuals have by nature of being born. Civil rights, in civil law jurisdictions, are rights or powers, which can be exercised under civil law, which includes things such as the ability to contract. In civil law jurisdictions, lawsuits between private parties for things such as breach of contract or a tort are usually expressed in terms of infringement of a civil right. Moral rights may mean several things: Natural rights, also called moral rights or inalienable rights, are rights which are not contingent upon the laws, customs, or beliefs or a particular society or polity. Moral rights are a subset of the rights of creators of copyrighted works, including the right of attribution, the right to have a work published anonymously or pseudonymous, and the right to the integrity of the work.
Fundamental Rights is a charter of rights contained in the Constitution of India. It guarantees civil liberties such that all Indians can lead their lives in peace and harmony as citizens of India. These include individual rights common to most liberal democracies, such as equality before law, freedom of speech and expression, freedom of association and peaceful assembly, freedom to practice religion, and the right to constitutional remedies for the protection of civil rights by means of writs such as habeas corpus. Violations of these rights result in punishments as prescribed in the Indian Penal Code, subject to discretion of the judiciary. The Fundamental Rights are defined as basic human freedoms, which every Indian citizen has the right to enjoy for a proper and harmonious development of personality. These rights universally apply to all citizens, irrespective of race, place of birth, religion, caste, creed, colour or sex. They are enforceable by the courts, subject to certain restrictions. The Rights have their origins in many sources, including England's Bill of Rights, the United States Bill of Rights and France's Declaration of the Rights of Man.
The six fundamental rights recognised by the constitution are:-
- The right to equality
- The right to freedom
- The right to freedom from exploitation
- The right to freedom of religion
- Cultural and educational rights
- The right to constitutional remedies
Rights mean those freedoms which are essential for personal good as well as the good of the community. The rights guaranteed under the Constitution of India are fundamental as they have been incorporated into the fundamental Law of the land and are enforceable in a court of law. However, this does not mean that they are absolute or that they are immune from Constitutional amendment.
Fundamental rights for Indians have also been aimed at overturning the inequalities of pre-independence social practices. Specifically, they have also been used to abolish untouchability and hence prohibit discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth. They also forbid trafficking of human beings and forced labour. They also protect cultural and educational rights of ethnic and religious minorities by allowing them to preserve their languages and also establish and administer their own education institutions.
Navjivan Foundation is public comprehensive guide for Indian Laws, Legal Articles, and Famous Indian Cases. Organization provide information on the multiple facets of Indian laws such as the Constitution of India, which is a basic legislature dealing with fundamental rights, duties of the citizens of India, laws relating to the establishment of family courts and the rules of procedure of the courts, information technology laws, intellectual property rights, consumer protection, foreign exchange management (FEMA) etc. Our focus at Navjivan Foundation is to provide structured Legal information to different user groups for the areas relevant to them. In this endeavor, we have dedicated our skills and expertise in order to provide Legal information on Indian Laws, which is widespread and reliable for the awareness and knowledge of every Indian Public.
PUBLIC GRIEVANCES HISTORY OF INDIA Ministry
A grievance is a wrong or hardship suffered, which is the ground of a complaint. A grievance may arise from injustice. In the developing country most of the people are illiterate and living in the rural area. So for the lower standard and lack of education some wealthy people control on theirs. For the poverty and less education they cannot get proper justice. Therefore this organization from 2003 gives importance on this topic and start public grievances in this connection the members of the organization reach the needed of the affected people and with full of supporting the documents the affected people application reach near the state/ central/courts/Human Rights section for the proper justice to them. So it become easy to get proper justice for general public have no idea on court or others. This organization carry its public grievances not only in India but it try for the all part of the world and in this connection more appreciation has been received. Our National Net Work carries national grievances and international Net Work operates International cases. Both of the stages we have communicate to Human Rights Commission. In India this organization tie up in one thread from districts collectors in each districts to the central ministries and all high courts to supreme court and international level white house to UNO department. Large no of volunteers are working in India in this matter and we have successful in this effort from beginning.
Public grievances is the major activity of the Navjivan Foundation and by its volunteers of this organization collect such across the country and after survey by them the reality of complainer it send to the concern ministries of the state or the center or both as the case may be and one copy send to the National/ State Human Rights Commission. If the case study related to legal service it sent to the National / State Legal Service Authority. If the case related to court the organization sent copies to the State High Court with the intimate to the Supreme Court Of India and in the same time two separate copies sent to the complainer and against the complain made. For the witness some copies send to the Indian media like as NDTV, Aajtak, India TV and Prasar Bharati with paper media like Hindustan Times and related papers with the local paper media on where the case generated. This is the formality of organization and purpose of these to aware about details on the knowledge the above all for taking correct and quick decision for the case. So these paths shows the complainer on the related department his/her case continuing.
In the International case organization sent the application under the same rule like national with intimating to the complainer and against complain made. Among the some copies one copy sent to Commission of Human Rights along with to the Prime Minister, President and Supreme Court or other Court or the related department according to that country and in India a copy send to that country’s embassy. In the mean timing same of the copies dispatch to the International Media like BBC and CNN and related media.
On the above two condition complainer should write the complain in the plain paper either in English or in hindi and address to the “President, Navjivan Foundation, 252.Nazar Singh Place, 2nd Floor, Plot No.-S-11,Sant Nagar, East Of Kailash, New Delhi-110065” with supporting all related case genuine documents. So use the organization grievances form below, so with the application this form is must.
Human Rights-Religion & Human rights
Human rights are basic rights and freedoms to which all humans are entitled. Examples of rights and freedoms which have come to be commonly thought of as human rights include civil and political rights, such as the right to life and liberty, freedom of expression, and equality before the law; and economic, social and cultural rights, including the right to participate in culture, the right to be treated with respect and dignity, the right to food, the right to work, and the right to education in some countries. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. Its head office is on the name of Office of the high Commissioner For Human Rights and In India 1993 and there after this is running named National Human Rights Commission. From 2005 we are in this field all state Human Rights, National Human Rights Commission well known about ours and we have link with Commission Of Human Rights.
The situation of human rights in India is a complex one, as a result of the country's large size and tremendous diversity, its status as a developing country and a sovereign, secular, democratic republic, and its history as a former colonial territory. The Constitution of India provides for Fundamental rights, which include freedom of religion. Clauses also provide for Freedom of Speech, as well as separation of executive and judiciary and freedom of movement within the country and abroad.
It is often held, particularly by Indian human rights groups and activists, that members of the Dalit or Untouchable caste have suffered and continue to suffer substantial discrimination. Although human rights problems do exist in India, the country is generally not regarded as a human rights concern, unlike other countries in South Asia based on these considerations, the report Freedom in the World 2006 by Freedom House gave India a political rights rating of 2, and a civil liberties rating of 3.
The relationship between religion and human rights is complex. The United Nations' 1948 Declaration of Human Rights arose from the quest to define basic human dignities in the face of extreme cultural and religious persecution. Religion as a cultural phenomenon continues to manifest itself as a force for social and political conflict, institutionalized violence and repression. Yet religions also promote ideals of harmonious living with traditions that enrich contemporary understandings of international human rights with models of love, universal respect and justice.
Human Rights and Religion: A leader brings together an outstanding range of sources in a single volume to deal with these and related questions. With cutting-edge theoretical perspectives and reflections on future prospects, the volume includes critical case studies on human rights and the world's religions in a political context and addresses the following questions: What are the critical issues when thinking about religion !