7 Replies Latest reply: Jul 5, 2017 12:25 AM by gfield RSS

    E-Discussion: How Can RBF Help Improve MSW Management in Emerging Economies?

    1309977 C4D Extraordinaire

      Welcome to the RBF/OBA Community of Practice’s e-discussion on how RBF can help improve Municipal Solid Waste Management in emerging economies. Over the course of three days, June 20-22, 2017, the community aims to foster an open dialogue between specialists on Results-Based Financing (RBF) and Solid Waste ManagementWe hope to have a lively, stimulating discussion and welcome your questions and comments.  


      Our e-discussants are Silpa Kaza, Urban Development Specialist (Urban Global Practice (GSURR)) and Sylvestre Bea, Infrastructure Specialist GPOBA). 


      Discussion board guidelines: Please be respectful of our e-discussants and other e-discussion participants. Please be patient as we compile responses to your comments and questions, we will do our best to respond in a timely fashion. There are no "bad" questions, so ask away!   Background materials:


      Background Presentation:


      In preparation for the e-discussion, we are excited to share initial findings, see presentation: Zambia Rapid Study on MSW System Presentations based on a desk review of documents. We seek feedback from RBF community and stakeholders on key questions.


      Have a question for the experts? Click on the reply button below this window.

        • Re: E-Discussion: How Can RBF Help Improve MSW Management in Emerging Economies?
          884178 C4D Enthusiast

          Dear Participants,


          Municipal solid waste (MSW) management is a critical service provided by municipalities around the world, but is often inefficient and underperforming in emerging economies. It is estimated that cities generated approximately 1.3 billion tons of MSW worldwide in 2010, and this is expected to increase to 2.2 billion tons by 2025. The challenges many cities face regarding their solid waste management systems vary from poor waste collection services and improper waste disposal to financial sustainability amongst other issues. These challenges which are more acute in low income countries often affect the poorest and most vulnerable in a city disproportionately. Improving MSW can offer significant environmental and public health benefits which contribute to overall city livability and competitiveness. At the global level, improving MSW also contributes to climate change mitigation through the reduction of methane emissions.

          The World Bank’s portfolio between 2000 and 2016 included more than 300 projects with solid waste components in all regions, representing US$4.5 billion in investments. Despite this significant portfolio, the existing global annual US$40 billion shortfall for MSW requires the global development community and countries to reconsider their approach to MSW and leverage innovative instruments and partnerships to increase its impact on the sustainability and quality of the MSW sector. In this regard, since 2012 the World Bank has been exploring the application of results-based financing (RBF) in the solid waste sector as an instrument to improve MSW services and outcomes. Results-based financing for MSW is a financial mechanism where the payment for solid waste services is conditioned to the achievement and verification of pre-agreed targets. A basic feature of RBF is that financial payments or in-kind rewards are provided to a service provider conditional on the recipient undertaking a set of pre-determined actions or achieving a pre-determined performance goal. It is a mechanism to tackle some of the biggest challenges in solid waste management including poor waste collection services, improper waste disposal, and financial sustainability amongst other issues. RBF offers opportunities to innovate in the use of development finance in the solid waste sector and to achieve results.


          The main objective of this e-discussion is to stimulate a discussion amongst practitioner communities and clients on the role of RBF in improving MSW management in emerging economies, using the findings of a recent rapid study conducted by the World Bank in Kabwe, Zambia as case study. Recommendations from the e-discussion will be shared with Kabwe Municipal Council for their consideration in the quest for solutions likely to improve the management of Kabwe city’s solid waste system.


          Silpa and I warmly welcome you to this e-discussion and look forward to hearing your insights on this interesting topic.


          Sylvestre & Silpa


            • Re: E-Discussion: How Can RBF Help Improve MSW Management in Emerging Economies?
              577640 C4D Explorer

              Following the example of the GPOBA project in West Bank, a subsidy could be provided for a private sector operator (local or international) to manage the landfill which will be constructed under the MERIP. Also providing a subsidy to the Kabwe local authority to improve for billing and collection using carefully "calibrated" KPIs. The local authority could explore including SWM fee in the water or electricity bills as well as increasing and facilitating access to payment centers. some of these incentives could help change citizens' littering and non payment behaviors especially when they see improvements in the cleanliness of their neighborhoods 

              • Re: E-Discussion: How Can RBF Help Improve MSW Management in Emerging Economies?
                685023 C4D Explorer

                Interesting overview and potentially great addition to the IDA $47m Mining and Environmental Remediation P154683.


                I am wondering if a 200,000 residents' Kabwe can produce enough sorted household waste for establishing a recycling system, or whether neighboring municipalities can be added such as in West Bank where GPOBA helped establish a joint services council for Hebron (215,000 residents) and Bethlehem (25,000 residents) with the landfill supported by the World Bank and IFC.

                  • Re: E-Discussion: How Can RBF Help Improve MSW Management in Emerging Economies?
                    884178 C4D Enthusiast

                    Very good point!


                    As in West Bank, the World Bank is financing the development of a sanitary landfill in Kabwe. But the rapid study has revealed that, the waste stream (135 t/day) in Kabwe has a relatively small quantity (19 t/day) of potential recyclables for a cost-effective recycling program. A financially viable recycling system in Kabwe would require to put in place many things, including: a well-designed waste collection and transportation system;  a good collaboration with neighboring municipalities to increase the quantity of recyclable waste; the development of composting facilities, local industry and a regional market for recycled products etc..  Apart from Metalco LTD which recycles batteries and waste paper into new products, Kabwe lacks industries that can use recyclables in production process.


                    The current state of Kabwe's MSW system may require that efforts be put first on effectively organizing all the upstream segments of the waste value chain including among others, putting in place a waste fee structure that allows for cost recovery and an effective fee collection mechanism.

                  • Re: E-Discussion: How Can RBF Help Improve MSW Management in Emerging Economies?
                    gfield C4D Explorer

                    Municipal solid waste management, largely, is governed by common sense............ It is highly recommended to be undertaken by the government because most governments have a general practice to hire 25 persons to do one person's work......... Reallocation of staffs would ensure the functionality of the department/project involved, enhance efficiency and etc etc.................


                    In addition, the complex privatier-government relationship and interaction are hindering many real works being acknowledged and done properly. Therefore, to be effectively managing the municipal solid waste, the government involved is highly suggested to have an experienced guider with common sense. This statement does not intend to undermine the global trend or the majority of us, especially in the developing or underdeveloped countries, but merely to highlight the importance of doing away red tapes and finding the right person to get the right thing done., although that person might not always necessary be pocket full or well fed.......... All the best........... :-)