5 Replies Latest reply: Jan 14, 2018 4:17 PM by wbg-jrg RSS

    Agricultural zoning regulated on the basis of climate-research? Finance for that?

    kmzz C4D Master

      Dear all

      this is a re-post from the introduction round ( Jorge Llanos Pedraja ), to give Jorge's questions prominence for all of you to participate in providing feedback.

      I hope other Green Finance members may relate to this challenge personally or professionally.

      Thank you and best wishes,

      Karin

       

      Jorge had posted the following:

      "Currently, we are developing sustainable means for conserving agricultural areas within zoning and land use regulations which are constantly beaten by hazardous climate change."

      1. My first question is, considering that changes in climate may harden or may occur and that improvisation is the only means to deal how does green finance approach these circumstances?  In the recovery of families disposed of dwellings, loss of members, etc. In 2014, I suggested that we should reserve agricultural areas from development due to climate change and a law was passed by the government willingly protecting all agricultural areas from being absorbed by urbanization. Right now we have begun green agriculture from traditional farming methods which do not provide crop conservation from pesticides and vulnerability to chemical ingredients. Therefore, for the first time, I was able to buy a product that is produced free of an artificial or industrialized system. And it tastes better than the industrialized foods. While I was in New York, there are stores that are natural produce.
      2. My second question is, does green finance favor or support these methods? The reason is that we have to develop a system of farming that can be "out of reach of climate changes" and effects, and I mean not only us.
        • Re: Agricultural zoning regulated on the basis of climate-research? Finance for that?
          kmzz C4D Master

          Dear Jorge Llanos Pedraja - to make it easier for some of us to attend your questions, please help me clarify what exactly you would like to discuss/find out:

           

          Question 1: Which of the following is your question?

            • 1A. How does green finance incorporate the likely effects of climate change?, or
            • 1B. How does green finance incorporate the need to improvise when adapting to the effects of climate change?
            • 1C. Other. Please specify

          Also, the platform is full of different disciplines, so perhaps for those that have not worked on land-use aspects before, could you elaborate the "zoning regulated on the basis of climate-research" for your specific example?

           

          • Question 2: Is my reading correct?
            • Are there green finance instruments which support non-chemical (agricultural/food) production of food, who are the funders (government incentives, private sector/supply chain e.g. buyer organisation), and how do these finance instruments work?

          Thank you for a brief explanation from your side.

          Best, Karin

            • Re: Agricultural zoning regulated on the basis of climate-research? Finance for that?
              wbg-jrg C4D Master

              15/12/2017

               

              Thank you, Karim Merle:

              (1B is better, sorry for the confusion). We can deal with chemical or artificial products for agriculture in another discussion aspect that affects health matters.

               

              Your reading is correct. It is an idea to develop "green farming" replacing conventional farming methods & systems that have confronted with harsh climates.

              I appreciate the fact that I may receive observations from participants regarding these matters. I will welcome them.

               

              Namely, agriculture has been hit with harsh weather leaving a tail of restricted areas for crops in some locations. The farmers plead for help in obtaining instruments to be able to recover their previous situation and their economic efforts are scarce at the moment. The government is faced with relocation and rebuilding many neighborhoods entirely and has no means to absorb any other expenses due to these effects. Rebuilding is a big issue and will take time. Farmers were granted lands with no cost or effort just to plow and provide their own skills and therefore, they need to rely on private investment since they cannot be subsided by the government. My way of viewing the problem to solve it in a resistant climate manner through methods of farming sufficiently simple and compact to develop an industrial farming system using methods used in the past and current that may withstand any weather condition.

              So, how does green financing respond to these initiatives that may become a "lifetime backup" against harsh weather conditions in any place under any circumstance and/or crop shortage?

               

              Israel developed a farming system that is kin to their environment, therefore we have ta have into consideration that the farming system of the area has to be kept unaltered so that crop formation may not be modified in such manner that it can lose its original and natural environment. I am not sure the results of a farming system to be applied from one environment into another, but it seems obvious to deduct that the growth of crops will differ from the original place even though they will keep their main structure. When we travel to different areas that are exposed to a varying climate, we tend to absorb the quality of that new environment and adapt to it in a short time. In other words, methods are similar in different places but the results may vary insignificantly due to climate. A dry climate in the northern hemisphere will nor be the same in the southern hemisphere.

               

              A law was created in Peru in 1997 to protect ecological marine and land areas that may be endangered by mining and other industry through contamination or genetic involvement with the intention to increase research, quality, and growth of these areas. Similarly, within land use and or zoning an ordinance through the Metropolitan Municipality of  Lima was regulated in December 2015 to provide protection of green areas & agricultural parcels in urban & peri-rural areas. In this respect it provides the guarantee and conservation of forestal, agricultural species from urbanization either public or private, which was included as part of the ordinance for local, regional and national (forest) parks, botanic, zoological and green forest regions. This means under any circumstance they cannot be part of urbanization or industry now or in the future.

               

              Harsh climates will play a very important role in the survival of cities and towns if appropriate action is not taken due to devouring effects of climate.

              Thank you,

               

              Jorge

            • Re: Agricultural zoning regulated on the basis of climate-research? Finance for that?
              kmzz C4D Master

              Dear Jorge,

               

              thanks for clarifying.

              While not being an agricultural expert myself  ( hence I hope the other community members hop in and provide you their thoughts !) , I see several threads for development re. the "agriculture and resilience to climate change" nexus. One is smart agriculture using IoT, another one permaculture and non-chemical agriculture on land which has been declared agricultural. And yet another one is a more industrial production type, in-door.


              Perhaps worth a discussion re. how the future of sustainable farming might as well look like:

              A nation who keeps impressing me is the Netherlands / Holland who with very little land is one of the world’s largest agricultural producers, exporting 65 billion Euros worth of vegetables, fruit, flowers, meat and dairy products each year (see this info by the Government of the Netherlands, Jan 2017 ). This year (2017), they have introduced the first European "vertical farming" (see this National Geographic article on Holland's sustainable farming, Sept 2017) which is a 9-storey-high vertical lettuce farm in the city of Dronten claiming "yields [from indoor farming] as much lettuce as 10 outdoor acres and cuts the need for chemicals by 97 percent".


              Finance / Investment in this case:


              On sustainability, available articles post the following advantages ( see this article from Holland Trade & Invest, April 2017, and this one from Produce Grower, Feb 2017 ):

              • Reduced land used for agriculture: With multiple floors to grow crops, a high-rise has a large surface area in a relatively small space.
              • Reduced emissions from transport: The fact that high-rise buildings can be built in city centres is an added benefit. Fresh products can now be grown very close to the consumer. Which answers the increased demand for sustainable, locally grown products.
              • No pesticides or chlorine washes: In the multi-floored building, all crops are sheltered from bad weather and insects, so farmers can grow them without insecticides.
              • Symbiosis by design: Some vertical farms use a circular system, expanding their business with fish and adding fish farms to the building. The fish excrement is then collected and used to fertilize the vegetables.
              • Efficiency gains (energy, water)The articles also present energy-efficiency as an advantage for sustainability, despite that producing indoors will imply an actual increase in energy consumption (compared to using natural light outdoor). "The climate chambers in Dronten are energy efficient, using less water, electricity and fertilizer than traditional farming. They aim for CO2 neutral production." It would be nice to learn more about the particular case and - if available - similar cases, how high the resulting energy consumption is and if the efficiency gains of indoor production (reduced water, chemicals, increased productivity) versus outdoor production (which often results in a lot of damaged produce and food waste) can outweigh this growth in energy consumption.

               

              It would be great to learn more about how, for example in this particular case, this innovation was motivated, and if the initiative has been able to benefit from specific sustainability incentives including financial and non-financial ones (e.g., low interest loans, or innovation promotion grants, or else).

                • Re: Agricultural zoning regulated on the basis of climate-research? Finance for that?
                  wbg-jrg C4D Master

                  Thank you, Karin::

                   

                  I find PPP a useful system for redeveloping, financing and procurement of private farms affected by harsh weather.

                  While reconstruction is underway I am going to try to introduce PPP as a means of making efforts become lightened to speed up the process of recovery. We are now entering into harsh weather very soon and we can expect anything.

                  I went over the Netherlands system and find it quite exemplary. Without losing its natural system they have provided high tech advancement and therefore increased production. We also have to think that this country´s majority area is under sea level which makes it even harder to think how they manage to maintain sea level out.

                   

                  Greetings,

                   

                  Jorge