This session co-hosted with the Gender CCSA, the Social inclusion GSG of GP SURR and the Gender CoP of the T&I GP will work through the different strands of work being done to understand and address gender issues in urban mobility – a series of short talks will be followed by a discussion of how to mainstream and scale up our efforts.
Talks will include (5-10 min each):
Tatiana Peralta: Are women 'forced' to work closer to home? Gender, Travel and Employment Accessibility in Buenos Aires.
Our current understanding of the differences in mobility patterns for each gender is limited, but technology and geo-referencing can help. We used the 2009 Household Mobility Survey for the Buenos Aires Metropolitan Region to explore the differences in travel patterns for men and women, complemented with geospatial data. Our research confirmed that women are responsible for a disproportionate share of the household's transport burden and have limited choices for mobility, in terms of mode and travel distance. Spatial data allowed us to identify an important outcome of this combination on commute choices for particular segments of working women. Trips made by women, particularly mothers (women with children) were made at significantly lower travel speeds than similar men. Indeed, if average travel speeds for women to equal those of men this opens up more opportunities in the labor market; 20%-80% more jobs on average.
Bianca Alves and
Karla Gonzalez: Addressing sexual harassment pilot program on public transport in Mexico
The "Hazme el Paro" project is a pilot initiative to evaluate a strategy to address sexual harassment against women in Mexico City's public transport through the involvement of the community. The institute for women in Mexico has diagnosed that 65% of female users have suffered sexual harassment in public transportation and Mexico city is considered the worst city (in a Thompson Reuters Foundation study with 16 large cities) when considered verbal and physical harassment against women. The intervention builds from the idea that sexual violence against women should be everyone's problem and that there must be a recognition that the "light" forms of harassment, which stem from currently accepted cultural norms, limit women's will to travel by public transportation and thus reduce their access to opportunities. The project has been built in collaboration with local NGOs with expertise on transport and gender, the Ministry of Mobility, the Mexico city's Ministry of Women, the George Washington University and Langelan and Associates, a consultancy firm with worldwide experience on non-confrontational strategies to address sexual harassment in public spaces
Daniel Pulido: Using transport infrastructure to deliver gender-related public services – The case of Rio
Brazil has been recognized internationally for the
"Lei Maria da Penha" (LMDP), one of the most innovative laws on domestic violence worldwide, and whose implementation is the responsibility of state governments. Nonetheless, despite policy advances, violence against women remains an extremely serious problem in the State of Rio, particularly in the metropolitan region. The rate of women murdered by men is higher than the average rate reported for the country as a whole and significantly above the rate reported for Sao Paulo. Furthermore, between 2005 and 2012 the incidence of crimes against women increased with rape, threats and aggravated assault as the most common. As it is the case in other States, Rio has not been able to fully implement the LMDP due in part to lack of resources and physical facilities. A particular barrier to the operationalization of the social services contemplated by this law has been the placement of these services in locations that are difficult to access for potential beneficiaries. To change this situation, the Government of Rio is implementing the
Via Lilas program, which uses the existing mass transit infrastructure as means to increases access and uptake of gender-focused legal, social and economic inclusion resources and services, at reduced establishment and operating costs. With Bank support, The Government of Rio launched the program in early March with the installation of information kiosks in transit stations. The presentation will discuss the components and initial results of the program and discuss next steps for Bank support.
Nupur Gupta and
Atul Agarwal: Gender issues in public transport; evidence from Indian cities.
This profiles the city bus user (and non user) satisfaction of 12 Indian cities with an emphasis on women users to understand their specific needs and concerns.
Shomik Mehndiratta, Lead Urban Transport Specialist/Urban Mobility GSG's Lead, GTIDR
Julie Babinard, Sr. Transport Specialist, Gender CCSA Focal Point, GTIDR
Tatiana Peralta, Jr. Professional Associate, GSURR. In the Bank, Tatiana has been working in urban mobility and sustainable cities, as well as big data and spatial analytics. Tatiana graduated from MIT's Civil and Environmental Engineering School Master program in Transportation. While pursuing her Master's Degree, she worked in the Transit Lab, focusing in the urban systems, and land use and transport models. Tatiana also has a BA in Applied Mathematics in Urban Planning from Harvard University. Most of her work in the Bank and prior has been focused in Latin America, East Africa, Europe and North America
Urban Transport Specialist, GTIDR, who joined the Bank recently and has 15 years of experience in large transport infrastructure project management such as metros, suburban rail, and BRT. She is a PhD from the University of Sao Paulo and her academic work is mainly on discrete choice modeling, stated preference methods and reliability of travel times. In the Bank she has been working mainly in Brazil and Mexico with infrastructure projects, accessibility of low income populations and gender and transport projects.
Sr. Infrastructure Specialist, GTIDR. Daniel works with the Transport and ICT Global Practice, where he supports the preparation and supervision of urban transport projects. Prior to joining the Bank, Daniel worked in commercial and investment banking, specializing in the financing of transportation and energy infrastructure. His experience includes transaction structuring, financial analysis and credit evaluation for PPPs and project and municipal financing. Daniel also worked in transportation policy and development issues as part of previous positions at the World Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank. Daniel is a graduate of the University of Pennsylvania, where he obtained a Master of Business Administration from the Wharton School and a Master of Arts in International Studies from the School of Arts and Sciences. Daniel also holds a Master of Arts in Economics from American University.
Sr. Transport Specialist, GTIDR. Nupur is working in the South Asia Region. She has been involved with a variety of transport engagements in the ports, highways, railways and urban transport sectors. She has been supervising and preparing urban transport engagements of the World Bank in India involving projects in areas such as BRT systems, intelligent transport systems (ITS), non-motorized transport (NMT), and modern city bus systems in nine Indian cities. She worked in the area of transport infrastructure advisory and regional development strategies before joining the Bank in 2005. Nupur graduated with a B.A. Honors (Economics) degree from Delhi University, has a Masters in Economics from Concordia University, Montreal, an M.B.A (Finance) from McGill University, Montreal, and a Masters in Public Administration from Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.
Sr. Transport Specialist, GTIDR. Atul is based in India country office. He has worked on several projects especially in the field of Urban Transport and Railways. He has been task team leader for Mumbai Urban Transport Project where in different aspects of city transport system were improved including augmenting suburban train services, city bus system, road connectivity and Area Traffic Control system. Presently team leader for MUTP 2A project and co-team leader for Dedicated Freight Rail Corridor projects in India. He holds a masters degree in transportation engineering.