This paper shows that taxation on mobile phone airtime and financial transactions may not expand the tax base significantly but, rather, may reverse the gains on retail electronic payments and
This document shares what has been learned about the effectiveness of specific interventions piloted in the Rural Finance Best Practices (RuFBeP) project by IFAD and APRACA with a view to
This is the fourth handbook published by the Partnership for Financial Inclusion, a joint initiative of IFC and the Mastercard Foundation to expand microfinance and advance digital financial services (DFS)
Mobile technologies and digitized data to promote access to finance for women in agriculture.
This study examines credit score migration rates of farm businesses, testing whether migration probabilities differ across business cycles. Results suggest that agricultural credit ratings are more likely to improve during