Advancing gender equality in the workplace remains a significant challenge, particularly in industries traditionally dominated by men. This learning event examines the strategies and approaches used by USAID’s Engendering Industries Program and the EDGE Certified Foundation to advance gender equality. Speakers will discuss their approaches, share challenges, and explore how strategies and solutions have evolved over time. Over the past seven years, Engendering Industries has supported 67 companies across 38 countries to hire and promote over 12,900 women. Engendering Industries' utility partner in India, BSES Rajdhani Power Limited, will offer first-hand insight into the application of this approach in India. In addition, we are pleased to feature insights from the EDGE Certified Foundation – the custodian behind EDGE Certification, the leading standards for diversity, equity, and inclusion, centred on a gender and intersectional equity approach.
Inadequate police responsiveness to rising yet under-reported gender-based violence has prompted reforms which seek to increase accessibility and accountability. However, most of these reforms have not been rigorously studied and the limited evidence that has been available is mixed, if not pessimistic, especially within patriarchal settings. Drawing on findings from a large-scale randomized controlled trial of a police reform in Madya Pradesh, India, and a community policing initiative in Pakistan, this learning event examines the role of police and efficacy of ongoing reforms. The findings offer evidence of what is working, with policy implications as governments in South Asia and elsewhere consider gender-targeted police reforms.
Despite droughts, escalating violence, and the COVID-19 pandemic, a randomized control trial (RCT) conducted from 2016 to 2021 reveals remarkable progress. Five years after the one-off support package was provided to women in impoverished rural households, TUP households have seen significant improvements across various dimensions, including consumption, assets, financial inclusion, and women's empowerment, in comparison with non-ultra poor households. On women’s empowerment specifically, the use of a multi-dimensional index helped improve precision and understanding of women’s empowerment in this context beyond the more common women decision-making indicators. The learning gleaned also highlights the potential of multi-faceted interventions to support vulnerable populations – even in settings affected by multiple crises and under some of the harshest conditions in the world. This webinar will reveal findings from this important impact evaluation. The learning gleaned highlights the potential of multi-faceted interventions to support vulnerable populations – even in settings affected by multiple crises and under some of the harshest conditions in the world.
COVID-19 disrupted schooling globally, and adolescents in Bangladesh fared particularly badly with nearly two years of school closures.They also experienced increased food insecurity, anxiety, and mental health issues. This webinar presents findings from an impact evaluation of phone-based outreach to adolescents during COVID-related school closures in Bangladesh. Two types of interventions were tested: one group received Growth Mindset outreach that promotes the idea that intellectual ability is not innate and can be built overtime; the other group received Growth Mindset plus Girl Rising, which sensitizes recipients to the value of girls' education. Delivered through group phone calls with 2-3 peers and a trained facilitator, these low-cost interventions increased the likelihood of re-enrollment in school and reported time spent studying, and improved test scores for boys (but not girls) and attachment to schooling – decreasing likelihood of early marriage among girls by 70% and paid work among boys by 55%. In this webinar, authors will discuss how the interventions were implemented, their impacts, the extent to which girls and boys responded differently, and lessons for future replications and scale-up.
Throughout the world, women continue to be underrepresented in supervisory or management roles, which keeps them from fulfilling their economic potential. However, little is known about what works to promote women in the workplace and what effects female career advancement may have on roles in the family. In this webinar, the Women’s Economic Empowerment in South Asia (WEESA) Community of Practice and the South Asia Gender Innovation Lab (SAR GIL), in partnership with the World Bank's Development Impact Evaluation (DIME) department will offer evidence from field experiments in Bangladesh’s garment industry which shows the importance of soft skills and attitudes in the process of selecting and training female supervisors
Lack of safe mobility remains a major constraint for women's economic empowerment. On March 29, 2923, WEESA hosted a webinar titled "Women on the Move: How Mobility Can Enhance Women's Economic Empowerment". Participants discussed seminal research on the cost of harassment on women's choice of colleges, gender-sensitive urban planning, and urban sprawls, as well as a World Bank toolkit to foster gender-responsive urban mobility.
South Asia had the second lowest female labor force participation (FLFP) globally as of 2019. Across the region, gender disparities are stark with over 23 % for women (compared to 77% for men) in the labor force. Restricted mobility is a key hurdle reducing women’s freedom to invest in human capital and to access quality jobs. Importantly, improving mobility goes beyond improving connectivity. For women, it is often about preventing sexual harassment in public transport and spaces. Alarming percentages of women and girls report being sexually harassed in public spaces and public transport in South Asia. Research done in the region confirms that perceptions of safety in public places have an important impact on women’s decision of whether or not to take up work outside the home and if and where to study.
Human trafficking is a multi-billion-dollar industry globally and a leading human rights challenge that disproportionally affects women and youth. A significant problem across South Asia, typical practices of human traffickers include exploiting individuals who are seeking to migrate to neighboring countries looking for economic opportunities. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime estimates that over 150,000 people are trafficked annually in South Asia—women and girls make up 44% and 21%, respectively, of trafficking victims. Forced labor, sexual exploitation, and forced marriage are recorded as the most common forms of trafficking in the region
Women’s groups include self-help groups (SHGs), livelihoods groups, producer collectives, and other groups formed with social action, health, and empowerment objectives. Women’s groups are widespread in South Asia where they are instrumental in generating economic opportunities and enhancing women’s well-being. The existing literature highlights promising evidence of positive impacts of some women’s group types on women’s economic, political, reproductive, and social empowerment. However, the women’s groups’ objectives differ as do their results.